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Flowering Plants, Evolution

  1. Peter F Stevens

Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003361



How to Cite

Stevens, P. F. 2006. Flowering Plants, Evolution. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Missouri, St Louis, and Missouri Botanical Gardens, Missouri, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JAN 2006


The evolution of angiosperms shows a tendency to an increase in canalization and synorganization, but it is also characterized by widespread parallelism and reversal. The great diversity shown by extant angiosperms is concentrated in a relatively few clades.


  • diversification;
  • speciation;
  • parallelism;
  • canalization;
  • synorganization;
  • uncertainty