Whole Animal Cloning

  1. Ian Wilmut

Published Online: 28 MAY 2003

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003388



How to Cite

Wilmut, I. 2003. Whole Animal Cloning. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Roslin Institute, Roslin, Midlothian, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 MAY 2003


The new methods of nuclear transfer in mammals have already provided important understanding of the mechanisms that regulate development and have revealed new avenues for research and applications in medicine and agriculture. Improvements in the present low efficiency of the techniques will depend upon understanding the molecular mechanisms that govern gene expression during development and differentiation.


  • cell therapy;
  • nuclear transfer;
  • genetic modification;
  • nuclear reprogramming;
  • chromatin