Standard Article

Philosophy of Biological Classification

  1. Marc Ereshefsky

Published Online: 25 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003447

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Ereshefsky, M. 2001. Philosophy of Biological Classification. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 APR 2001

Abstract

Essentialism was the prominent philosophy of classification until Darwin's time. Essentialism has been replaced with two philosophies based on evolutionary theory: evolutionary taxonomy and cladism.

Keywords:

  • cladism;
  • classification;
  • essentialism;
  • evolutionary taxonomy;
  • taxonomy