Standard Article

Philosophy of Selection: Units and Levels

  1. Robert N Brandon

Published Online: 25 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003463

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Brandon, R. N. 2001. Philosophy of Selection: Units and Levels. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 APR 2001

Abstract

A hierarchical approach to natural selection picks out the levels and units of biological organization that causally interact with the selective environment leading to differential reproduction.

Keywords:

  • units of selection;
  • levels of selection;
  • genic selection;
  • hierarchical selection