Reproduction and Life Cycles in Invertebrates
Published Online: 15 APR 2002
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Olive, P. J. 2002. Reproduction and Life Cycles in Invertebrates. eLS. .
- Published Online: 15 APR 2002
The patterns of reproduction among the invertebrates are much more varied than those of vertebrates. Male and female functions can occur in the same individual either sequentially or at the same time. Various patterns of asexual reproduction may be observed, although these are almost always combined with sexual reproduction at some stage in the life cycle.
- sexual reproduction;
- asexual reproduction;