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Signalling and Reception

  1. Leena Lindström,
  2. Janne S Kotiaho

Published Online: 22 MAR 2002

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003666



How to Cite

Lindström, L. and Kotiaho, J. S. 2002. Signalling and Reception. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 MAR 2002


Communication, a widespread natural phenomenon, occurs in both animals and plants. Signals are evolved traits that transfer information from one individual (the signaller) to another (the receiver); they can occur in any sensory modality.


  • cost and benefits;
  • honesty;
  • mimicry;
  • predation;
  • sexual selection