Standard Article


  1. Peter F Stevens

Published Online: 26 FEB 2003

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003683



How to Cite

Stevens, P. F. 2003. Monocotyledons. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Missouri, St. Louis and Missouri Botanical Garden, St Louis, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 FEB 2003


The uses, ecology, fossil history and distribution of the monocots is summarized. The phylogeny of monocots is outlined, emphasizing the importance of the herbaceous habit in particular, but also 3-merous flowers, septal nectaries etc., for their diversification.


  • angiosperms;
  • diversification;
  • herbs;
  • secondary thickening;
  • 3-merous;
  • nectaries;
  • unlignified wall fluorescence;
  • grasses;
  • palms;
  • gingers;
  • lilies