Standard Article

Thermodynamics in Biochemistry

  1. Robert A Alberty

Published Online: 3 MAY 2005

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003879



How to Cite

Alberty, R. A. 2005. Thermodynamics in Biochemistry. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 MAY 2005


The thermodynamics of chemical reactions and biochemical reactions (enzyme-catalysed reactions at specified pH) deals with equilibrium constants K of chemical reactions and apparent equilibrium constants K’ for biochemical reactions, reduction potentials for chemical half-reactions, and apparent reduction potentials for biochemical half-reactions.


  • thermodynamics;
  • apparent equilibrium constant;
  • electrode potential;
  • Gibbs energy;
  • enthalpy