Cellulose: Structure and Distribution
Published Online: 23 SEP 2005
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Stone, B. 2005. Cellulose: Structure and Distribution. eLS. .
- Published Online: 23 SEP 2005
Cellulose, a (14)-β-D-glucan, is the most abundant carbohydrate polymer in the biosphere, where it may account for 50% of the carbon. Cellulose has a structural and protective function in walls of plant cells and surfaces of other organisms. The insolubility and high tensile strength of cellulosic materials arises from the regular, extended, ribbon-like conformation of the individual molecules, their enormous lengths and their ability to aggregate into crystalline microfibrils.
- cell walls;
- polymorphic forms;
- taxonomic distribution