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Nucleotides: Structure and Properties

  1. Richard Peter Bowater

Published Online: 3 MAY 2005

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003903



How to Cite

Bowater, R. P. 2005. Nucleotides: Structure and Properties. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of East Anglia,Norwich, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 MAY 2005


Nucleotides consist of a nitrogen-containing base, a five-carbon sugar, and one or more phosphate groups. Cells contain many types of nucleotides, which play a central role in a wide variety of cellular processes, including metabolic regulation and the storage and utilization of genetic information.


  • nucleosides;
  • nucleotides;
  • pyrimidines;
  • purines