Axonal Transport and the Neuronal Cytoskeleton
Published Online: 23 SEP 2005
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Baas, P. and Karabay, A. 2005. Axonal Transport and the Neuronal Cytoskeleton. eLS. .
- Published Online: 23 SEP 2005
The neuronal cytoskeleton is a system of highly organized polymers that provide architectural support for axons and dendrites, and also provide railways for the transport of various classes of cytoplasmic constituents. Molecular motor proteins use the energy derived from adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis for the transport of organelles along the cytoskeletal polymers and for the transport of the polymers themselves. Axons can traverse exceeding long distances in the body, and hence require sophisticated mechanisms of axonal transport in both the anterograde and the retrograde direction.
- axonal transport;
- motor protein