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Oculomotor System

  1. José M Delgado-García

Published Online: 23 SEP 2005

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0004090

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Delgado-García, J. M. 2005. Oculomotor System. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 SEP 2005

Abstract

The oculomotor system is composed of six extraocular muscles attached to the orbit and to the eyeball, extraocular motor neurons located in three different brainstem motor nuclei, and premotor centres and circuits involved in the generation and control of the different types of eye movement. Its precise functional design and robust biomechanics have allowed this motor system to survive, almost unchanged, across different trends in vertebrate evolution.

Keywords:

  • extraocular muscles;
  • extraocular motor neurons;
  • eye blinks;
  • eye movements;
  • optokinetic reflex;
  • vestibulo-ocular reflex