Published Online: 23 SEP 2005
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Delgado-García, J. M. 2005. Oculomotor System. eLS. .
- Published Online: 23 SEP 2005
The oculomotor system is composed of six extraocular muscles attached to the orbit and to the eyeball, extraocular motor neurons located in three different brainstem motor nuclei, and premotor centres and circuits involved in the generation and control of the different types of eye movement. Its precise functional design and robust biomechanics have allowed this motor system to survive, almost unchanged, across different trends in vertebrate evolution.
- extraocular muscles;
- extraocular motor neurons;
- eye blinks;
- eye movements;
- optokinetic reflex;
- vestibulo-ocular reflex