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Ear and Lateral Line of Vertebrates: Organization and Development

  1. Bernd Fritzsch

Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0004187



How to Cite

Fritzsch, B. 2006. Ear and Lateral Line of Vertebrates: Organization and Development. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 NOV 2013)


The mechano-electric transducers of vertebrates (the hair cell) form the basis for two distinct sensory systems, the lateral line and the inner ear. These two sensory systems share other features such as development and the central projections to the hindbrain and are therefore grouped together as the octavo-lateral system. This paper deals with the mechano-sensory hair cells, the organization of sensory organs in the lateral line and inner ear, their central projection, the development of the inner ear and, to a lesser extent, the lateral-line system as well as the system of efferent cells modifying their sensory responses.


  • inner ear;
  • development;
  • lateral line;
  • neuroanatomy;
  • anatomy;
  • vestibular;
  • auditory