Standard Article

Pseudogenes and their Evolution

  1. David N Cooper

Published Online: 15 JUL 2006

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0005118



How to Cite

Cooper, D. N. 2006. Pseudogenes and their Evolution. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2006

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 NOV 2010)


Pseudogenes have been formed during evolution by duplication or retrotransposition. The origin, age, patterns of mutation and occasional reactivation of pseudogenes are all topics of current study.


  • pseudogenes;
  • evolution;
  • retrotransposition;
  • processed pseudogenes;
  • duplicational pseudogene;
  • pseudogene reactivation;
  • pseudogene mutation