Standard Article

Population Genetics: Historical Aspects

  1. Ranajit Chakraborty

Published Online: 15 JUL 2006

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0005439



How to Cite

Chakraborty, R. 2006. Population Genetics: Historical Aspects. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2006


Understanding the extent of genetic variation among individuals within as well as across populations is the main objective of population genetic studies. The principles of population genetics have had a major role in studying evolutionary changes of genetic variation and in developing methods for gene discovery using genetic markers to evaluate disease risk in individuals.


  • genetic variation;
  • molecular evolution;
  • polymorphism;
  • gene mapping;
  • human identification