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Medical Genetics: History

  1. Friedrich Vogel

Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0005488



How to Cite

Vogel, F. 2006. Medical Genetics: History. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JAN 2006


Some notion of the rules of heredity in humans has existed for more than 2000 years; however, genetics as a true science was founded only in the second half of the nineteenth century, and has undergone recent rapid development. This knowledge is being increasingly used in medicine.


  • biometric genetics;
  • cytogenetics;
  • clinical;
  • genetic analysis;
  • mendel's laws;
  • twin studies