Standard Article

Karyotype Interpretation

  1. Lisa G Shaffer

Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0005778

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Shaffer, L. G. 2006. Karyotype Interpretation. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Washington State University, Spokane, Washington, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

Abstract

The construction of karyotypes from human metaphase chromosomes allows for the identification of cytogenetic abnormalities at a whole genome perspective. Constitutional and acquired chromosome changes can be detected by routine and high-resolution cytogenetic preparations, and a specific nomenclature allows for accurate communication, interpretation and reporting.

Keywords:

  • cytogenetics;
  • chromosomes;
  • aneuploidy;
  • translocation;
  • nomenclature