Published Online: 27 JAN 2006
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Doenecke, D. and Albig, W. 2006. Histones. eLS. .
- Published Online: 27 JAN 2006
Histones, the major protein constituents of the eukaryotic chromosomes, are small proteins that are enriched in basic amino acids and highly conserved in evolution. They are classified either on the basis of their content of basic amino acids as very lysine rich (H1), moderately lysine rich (H2A and H2B) and arginine rich (H3 and H4), or in respect to their position in the nucleosome as linker or core histones.
- replacement histones;
- histone genes;
- gene cluster;