Skin Pigmentation: Genetics
Published Online: 27 JAN 2006
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Rees, J. L. 2006. Skin Pigmentation: Genetics. eLS. .
- Published Online: 27 JAN 2006
Differences in skin pigmentation are principally due to variation in the amount and type of melanin produced in cutaneous melanocytes. In humans, a large number of Mendelian disorders of pigmentation, including albinism, are now understood at a genetic level. Only one locus, the melanocortin 1 receptor, has been so far identified to contribute to normal variation in skin and hair color, but it is clear that many other loci (yet to be determined) must also play a role.
- skin color;
- hair color;