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Albinism: Genetics

  1. William S Oetting

Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0006081



How to Cite

Oetting, W. S. 2006. Albinism: Genetics. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 DEC 2011)


Albinism has classically been described as the complete absence of pigment throughout the life of the affected individual. Modern molecular analysis has shown that albinism is a much more complex genetic disorder than previously thought, involving many genes with an array of functions as well as great variation in the phenotype of affected individuals.


  • oculocutaneous albinism;
  • tyrosinase;
  • nystagmus;
  • melanin