SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Lapidus, L., Bengtsson, C., Larsson, B., Pennert, K., Rybo, E., Sjöström, L. (1984) Distribution of adipose tissue and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: a 12-year follow up of participants in the population study of women in Guthenburg, Sweden. BMJ 289: 12571261.
  • 2
    Han, T. S., van Leer, E. M., Seidell, J. C., Lean, M. E. (1996) Waist circumference as a screening tool for cardiovascular risk factors: evaluation of receiver operating characteristics (ROC). Obes Res 6: 533547.
  • 3
    Ohlson, L-O, Larsson, B., Svardsudd, K., et al (1985) The influence of body fat distribution on the incidence of diabetes mellitus 13.5 years of follow-up of the participants in the study of men born in 1913. Diabetes 34: 105558.
  • 4
    Seidell, J. C., Han, T. S., Feskens, E. J., Lean, M. E. (1997) Narrow hips and broad waist circumferences independently contribute to increased risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Intern Med 242: 401406.
  • 5
    Fujioka, S., Matsuzawa, Y., Tokugana, K., Tarui, S. (1987) Contribution of intraabdominal fat accumulation to the impairment of glucose and lipid metabolism in human obesity. Metabolism 36: 5459.
  • 6
    Leenen, R., van der Kooy, K., Seidell, J. C., Deurenberg, P. (1992) Visceral fat accumulation measured by magnetic resonance imaging in relation to serum lipids in obese men and women. Atherosclerosis 94: 171181.
  • 7
    Conway, J. M., Yanovski, S. Z., Avila, N. A., Hubbard, V. S. (1995) Visceral adipose tissue differences in black and white women. Am J Clin Nutr 61: 765771.
  • 8
    Lovejoy, J. C., de la Bretonee, J. A., Klemperer, M., Tulley, R. (1996) Abdominal fat distribution and metabolic risk factors: effects of race. Metabolism 45: 11191124.
  • 9
    Hill, J. O., Sidney, S., Lewis, C. E., Tolan, K., Scherzinger, A. L., Stamm, E. R. (1999) Racial differences in amounts of visceral adipose tissue in young adults: the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study. Am J Clin Nutr 69: 381387.
  • 10
    Després, J. P., Couillard, C., Gagnon, J., et al (2000) Race, visceral adipose tissue, plasma lipids and lipoprotein lipase activity in men and women: the Health, Risk Factors, Exercise Training and Genetics (HERITAGE) Family Study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 20: 19321938.
  • 11
    Perry, A. C., Applegate, E. B., Jackson, M. L., et al (2000) Racial differences in visceral adipose tissue but not anthropometric markers of health-related variables. J Appl Physiol 89: 636643.
  • 12
    Yanovski, J. A., Yanovski, S. Z., Filmer, K. M., et al (1996) Differences in body composition of black and white girls. Am J Clin Nutr 64: 833839.
  • 13
    Goran, M. I., Nagy, T. R., Treuth, M. S., et al (1997) Visceral fat in white and African American prepubertal children. Am J Clin Nutr 65: 17038.
  • 14
    Owens, S., Litaker, M., Allison, J., Riggs, S., Ferguson, M., Gutin, B. (1999) Prediction of visceral adipose tissue from simple anthropometric measurements in youths with obesity. Obes Res 7: 1622.
  • 15
    Anderson, P. J., Chan, J., Chan, Y. L., et al (1997) Visceral fat and cardiovascular risk factors in Chinese NIDDM patients. Diabetes Care 20: 18541858.
  • 16
    Nakamura, T., Tokunaga, K., Shimomura, I., et al (1994) Contribution of visceral fat accumulation to the development of coronary artery disease in non-obese men. Atherosclerosis 107: 239246.
  • 17
    Kanai, H., Tokunaga, K., Fujioka, S., Yamashita, S., Kameda-Takemura, K. K., Matsuzawa, Y. (1996) Decrease in intra-abdominal visceral fat may reduce blood pressure in obese hypertensive women. Hypertension 27: 125129.
  • 18
    Boyko, E. J., Leonetti, D. L., Bergstrom, R. W., Newell-Morris, L., Fujimoto, W. Y. (1995) Visceral adiposity, fasting plasma insulin, and blood pressure in Japanese-Americans. Diabetes Care 18: 174181.
  • 19
    Bergstrom, R. W., Newell-Morris, L. L., Leonetti, D. L., Shuman, W. P., Wahl, P. W., Fujimoto, W. Y. (1990) Association of elevated fasting C-peptide level and increased intra-abdominal fat distribution with development of NIDDM in Japanese-American men. Diabetes 39: 104111.
  • 20
    Fujimoto, W. Y., Bergstrom, R. W., Boyko, E. J., et al (1999) Visceral adiposity and incident coronary heart disease in Japanese-American men. The 10-year follow-up results of the Seattle Japanese-American Community Diabetes Study. Diabetes Care 22: 180812.
  • 21
    Boyko, E. J., Fujimoto, W. Y., Leonetti, D. L., Newell-Morris, L. (2000) Visceral adiposity and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study among Japanese Americans. Diabetes Care 23: 465471.
  • 22
    Wang, J., Thornton, J. C., Russel, M., Burastero, S., Heymsfield, S., Pierson, R. N. Jr (1994) Asians have lower body mass index but higher percent body fat than do whites: comparisons of anthropometric measurements. Am J Clin Nutr 60: 2328.
  • 23
    Shuman, W. P., Morris, L. L., Leonetti, D. L., et al (1986) Abnormal body fat distribution detected by computed tomography in diabetic men. Invest Radiol 21: 483487.
  • 24
    Chen, K. W., Boyko, E. J., Bergstrom, R. W., et al (1995) Earlier appearance of impaired insulin secretion than of visceral adiposity in the pathogenesis of NIDDM. 5-year follow-up of initially nondiabetic Japanese-American men. Diabetes Care 18: 74753.
  • 25
    Gallagher, D., Belmonte, D., Deurenberg, P., et al (1998) Organ tissue mass measurement allows modeling of resting energy expenditure and metabolically active tissue mass. Am J Physiol 275: E249EE58.
  • 26
    Ross, R. (1996) Magnetic resonance imaging provides new insights into the characterization of adipose and lean tissue distribution. Can J Clin Pharmacol 74: 778785.
  • 27
    Gallagher, D., Kovera, A. J., Clay-Williams, G., et al (2000) Weight loss in post-menopausal women: no evidence of adverse alterations in body composition. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279: 12431.
  • 28
    Snyder, W. S., Cook, M. J., Nasset, E. S., Karhausen, L. R., Howells, G. P., Tipton, I. H. (1975) Report of the Task Group on Reference Men. International Commission on radiological protection No. 23. Pergamon Press Oxford.
  • 29
    Graybill, F. A., Iyer, H. K. (1994) Regression Analysis: Concepts and Applications. Duxbury Press Belmont, CA.
  • 30
    Unwin, N., Harland, J., White, M., et al (1997) Body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, and glucose intolerance in Chinese and Europid adults in Newcastle, UK. J Epidemiol Community Health 51: 160166.
  • 31
    Dowling, H. J., Pi-Sunyer, F. X. (1993) Race-dependent health risks of upper body obesity. Diabetes 42: 537543.
  • 32
    Cockram, C. S. (2000) Diabetes mellitus: perspective from the Asia-Pacific region. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 50(suppl. 2): S3S7.
  • 33
    Matsuoka, K. (2000) Genetic and environmental interaction in Japanese type 2 diabetics. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 50(suppl 2): S17S22.
  • 34
    Fujimoto, W. Y., Bergstrom, R. W., Boyko, E. J., et al (2000) Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome in Japanese Americans. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 50(suppl 2): S73SS6.
  • 35
    Staten, M. A., Totty, W. G., Kohrt, W. M. (1989) Measurement of fat distribution by magnetic resonance imaging. Invest Radiol 24: 3459.
  • 36
    Seidell, J. C., Bouchard, C. (1997) Visceral fat in relation to health: is it a major culprit or simply an innocent bystander?. Int J Obes 21: 626631.