Development and Validation of the Food-Craving Inventory
Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
2002 North American Association for the Study of Obesity (NAASO)
Volume 10, Issue 2, pages 107–114, February 2002
How to Cite
White, M. A., Whisenhunt, B. L., Williamson, D. A., Greenway, F. L. and Netemeyer, R. G. (2002), Development and Validation of the Food-Craving Inventory. Obesity Research, 10: 107–114. doi: 10.1038/oby.2002.17
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Submitted for publication May 22, 2001. Accepted for publication in final form November 07, 2001
- eating behavior;
- self-report inventory;
- food craving
Objective: The primary aim of this study was to develop and validate the Food-Craving Inventory (FCI), a self-report measure of specific food cravings.
Research Methods and Procedures: In a preliminary study, participants (n = 474) completed the initial version of the FCI. The results from this study were used in developing the revised FCI. Participants (n = 379) completed the revised FCI in the primary study designed to develop a self-report measure of specific food cravings.
Results: Common factor analysis yielded four conceptual factors (subscales) that were interpreted as high fats, sweets, carbohydrates/starches, and fast-food fats. Confirmatory factor analysis found that the four factors could be modeled as dimensions (or first-order factors) of a higher order construct—food craving. Test–retest and internal consistency analyses indicated good reliability for the total score and each of the subscales. Subscale scores were compared with scores on the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire and a conceptual measure of food craving. We found support for the content, concurrent, construct, and discriminant validity of the FCI.
Discussion: The FCI was found to be a reliable and valid measure of general and specific food cravings. The FCI can be used in research related to overeating and binge eating. Also, it may be useful in treatment studies that target obesity and/or food cravings.