• 1
    Ledoux, M., Rivard, M. (1998) Poids corporel. Institut de la Statistique du Québec, Enquête Sociale et de Santé 1998 187199. 2nd ed., Les Publications du Québec Sainte-Foy, Canada.
  • 2
    Statistiques Canada Indice de Masse Corporelle (IMC-Norme Canadienne) (accessed 2002).
  • 3
    Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Ogden, C. L., Johnson, C. L. (2002) Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999–2000. JAMA 288: 17231727.
  • 4
    Golay, A., Hagon, I., Painot, D., et al. (1997) Personalities and alimentary behaviors in obese patients. Patient Educ Couns 31: 103112.
  • 5
    Stunkard, A. J., Messick, S. (1985) The three-factor eating questionnaire to measure dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger. J Psychosom Res 29: 7183.
  • 6
    Westenhoefer, J., Stunkard, A. J., Pudel, V. (1999) Validation of the flexible and rigid control dimensions of dietary restraint. Int J Eat Disord 26: 5364.
  • 7
    Bond, M. J., McDowell, A. J., Wilkinson, J. Y. (2001) The measurement of dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger: an examination of the factor structure of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ). Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25: 900906.
  • 8
    Mela, D. J. (1996) Eating behaviour, food preferences and dietary intake in relation to obesity and body-weight status. Proc Nutr Soc 55: 803816.
  • 9
    Carmody, T. P., Brunner, R. L., St Jeor, S. T. (1995) Dietary helplessness and disinhibition in weight cyclers and maintainers. Int J Eat Disord 18: 247256.
  • 10
    Neumark-Sztainer, D., Sherwood, N. E., French, S. A., Jeffery, R. W. (1999) Weight control behaviors among adult men and women: cause for concern? Obes Res 7: 179188.
  • 11
    Lawson, O. J., Williamson, D. A., Champagne, C. M., et al. (1995) The association of body weight, dietary intake, and energy expenditure with dietary restraint and disinhibition. Obes Res 3: 153161.
  • 12
    Hays, N. P., Bathalon, G. P., McCrory, M. A., Roubenoff, R., Lipman, R., Roberts, S. B. (2002) Eating behavior correlates of adult weight gain and obesity in healthy women aged 55–65 y. Am J Clin Nutr 75: 476483.
  • 13
    Lindroos, A. K., Lissner, L., Mathiassen, M. E., et al. (1997) Dietary intake in relation to restrained eating, disinhibition, and hunger in obese and nonobese Swedish women. Obes Res 5: 175182.
  • 14
    Karlsson, J., Hallgren, P., Kral, J., Lindroos, A. K., Sjöström, L., Sullivan, M. (1994) Predictors and effects of long-term dieting on mental well-being and weight loss in obese women. Appetite 23: 1526.
  • 15
    Boschi, V., Iorio, D., Margiotta, N., D'Orsi, P., Falconi, C. (2001) The three-factor eating questionnaire in the evaluation of eating behaviour in subjects seeking participation in a dietotherapy programme. Ann Nutr Metab 45: 7277.
  • 16
    Keim, N. L., Canty, D. J., Barbieri, T. F., Wu, M. M. (1996) Effect of exercise and dietary restraint on energy intake of reduced-obese women. Appetite 26: 5570.
  • 17
    de Castro, J. M. (1995) The relationship of cognitive restraint to the spontaneous food and fluid intake of free-living humans. Physiol Behav 57: 287295.
  • 18
    LaPorte, D. J., Stunkard, A. J. (1990) Predicting attrition and adherence to a very low calorie diet: a prospective investigation of the eating inventory. Int J Obes 14: 197206.
  • 19
    Foster, G. D., Wadden, T. A., Swain, R. M., Stunkard, A. J., Platte, P., Vogt, R. A. (1998) The Eating Inventory in obese women: clinical correlates and relationship to weight loss. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22: 778785.
  • 20
    Bouchard, C. (1996) Genetic and body fat content. Prog Obes Res 3341.
  • 21
    Lluch, A. (1995) Identification des Conduites Alimentaires par Approches Nutritionnelles et Psychométriques: Implications Thérapeutiques et Préventives dans l'Obésité Humaines Université Henri Poincaré, Nancy I Nancy Cedex, France.
  • 22
    Laessle, R. G., Tuschl, R. J., Kotthaus, B. C., Pirke, K. M. (1989) A comparison of the validity of three scales for the assessment of dietary restraint. J Abnorm Psychol 98: 504507.
  • 23
    Health and Welfare Canada (1991) Canadian Nutrient File Government of Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
  • 24
    Goldberg, G. R., Black, A. E., Jebb, S. A., et al. (1991) Critical evaluation of energy intake data using fundamental principles of energy physiology: I. Derivation of cut-off limits to identify under-recording. Eur J Clin Nutr 45: 569581.
  • 25
    Horgan, G. W., Stubbs, J. (2003) Predicting basal metabolic rate in the obese is difficult. Eur J Clin Nutr 57: 335340.
  • 26
    The Airlie (VA) Consensus Conference (1988) Standardization of anthropometric measurements. Human Kinetics Publishers Champaign, IL.
  • 27
    Behnke, A. R., Wilmore, J. H. (1974) Evaluation and regulation of body build and composition. Behnke, AR eds. Evaluation and Regulation of Body Build and Composition 2037. Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  • 28
    Meneely, G. R., Kaltreider, N. L. (1949) Volume of the lung determined by helium dilution. J Clin Invest 28: 129139.
  • 29
    Siri, W. E. (1956) The gross composition of the body. Adv Biol Med Phys 4: 239280.
  • 30
    Ferland, M., Despres, J. P., Tremblay, A., et al. (1989) Assessment of adipose tissue distribution by computed axial tomography in obese women: association with body density and anthropometric measurements. Br J Nutr 61: 139148.
  • 31
    Gendall, K. A., Joyce, P. R., Sullivan, P. F., Bulik, C. M. (1998) Personality and dimensions of dietary restraint. Int J Eat Disord 24: 371379.
  • 32
    Williamson, D. A., Lawson, O. J., Brooks, E. R., et al. (1995) Association of body mass with dietary restraint and disinhibition. Appetite 25: 3141.
  • 33
    Goris, A. H., Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S., Westerterp, K. R. (2000) Undereating and underrecording of habitual food intake in obese men: selective underreporting of fat intake. Am J Clin Nutr 71: 130134.
  • 34
    Bathalon, G. P., Tucker, K. L., Hays, N. P., et al. (2000) Psychological measures of eating behavior and the accuracy of 3 common dietary assessment methods in healthy postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 71: 739745.