• 1
    Hill, J. O., Wyatt, H. R., Reed, G. W., Peters, J. C. (2003) Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here? Science 299: 853855.
  • 2
    Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Kuczmarski, R. J., Johnson, C. L. (1998) Overweight and obesity in the United States: prevalence and trends, 1960–1994. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22: 3947.
  • 3
    Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Ogden, C. L., Johnson, C. L. (2002) Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999–2000. JAMA 288: 17231727.
  • 4
    Hill, J. O., Peters, J. C. (1998) Environmental contributions to the obesity epidemic. Science 280: 13711374.
  • 5
    DiPietro, L. (1995) Physical activity, body weight, and adiposity: an epidemiologic perspective. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 23: 275303.
  • 6
    Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers. (2002) Industry Shipments of Major Appliances Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers Washington DC.
  • 7
    WarD's Communication. (2002) Annual U.S. Motor Vehicle Retail Sales WarD's Communication Southfield, MI.
  • 8
    Nielsen, A. C. (1998) Nielsen Report on Television AC Nielsen Co., Media Research Division Schaumburg, IL.
  • 9
    Kennedy, E. T., Bowman, S. A., Powell, R. (1999) Dietary-fat intake in the US population. J Am Coll Nutr 18: 207212.
  • 10
    Seidell, J. C. (1998) Dietary fat and obesity: an epidemiologic perspective. Am J Clin Nutr 67: 546S550S.
  • 11
    Egger, G. J., Vogels, N., Westerterp, K. R. (2001) Estimating historical changes in physical activity levels. Med J Aust 175: 635636.
  • 12
    Cott, N., Thebaud, F. (1994) A History of Women Toward a Cultural Identity in the 20th Century 7691. Belkanap Cambridge, MA.
  • 13
    Levine, J. A., Weisell, R., Chevassus, S., Martinez, C. D., Burlingame, B., Coward, W. A. (2001) The work burden of women. Science 294: 812
  • 14
    Levine, J. A., Schleusner, S. J., Jensen, M. D. (2000) Energy expenditure of nonexercise activity. Am J Clin Nutr 72: 14511454.
  • 15
    Levine, J., Melanson, E. L., Westerterp, K. R., Hill, J. O. (2001) Measurement of the components of nonexercise activity thermogenesis. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 281: E670E675.
  • 16
    Kortt, M. A., Langley, P. C., Cox, E. R. (1998) A review of cost-of-illness studies on obesity. Clin Ther 20: 772779.
  • 17
    World Health Organization. (1997) Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic World Health Organization Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 18
    Pate, R. R., Pratt, M., Blair, S. N., et al (1995) Physical activity and public health. A recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. JAMA 273: 402407.