SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Ogden, C. L., Johnson, C. L. (2002) Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2000. JAMA 288: 17231727.
  • 2
    Mokdad, A. H., Ford, E. S., Bowman, B. A., et al (2003) Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 289: 7679.
  • 3
    Sharma, A. M. (2002) Adipose tissue: a mediator of cardiovascular risk. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26(Suppl 4): S5S7.
  • 4
    Foucan, L., Hanley, J., Deloumeaux, J., Suissa, S. (2002) Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) as screening tools for cardiovascular risk factors in Guadeloupean women. J Clin Epidemiol 55: 990996.
  • 5
    Moreno, L. A., Pineda, I., Rodriguez, G., Fleta, J., Sarria, A., Bueno, M. (2002) Waist circumference for the screening of the metabolic syndrome in children. Acta Paediatr 91: 13071312.
  • 6
    Rheeder, P., Stolk, R. P., Veenhouwer, J. F., Grobbee, D. E. (2002) The metabolic syndrome in black hypertensive women—waist circumference more strongly related than body mass index. S Afr Med J 92: 637641.
  • 7
    Hwu, C. M., Fuh, J. L., Hsiao, C. F., et al (2003) Waist circumference predicts metabolic cardiovascular risk in postmenopausal Chinese women. Menopause 10: 7380.
  • 8
    Visscher, T. L., Seidell, J. C., Molarius, A., van der Kuip, D., Hofman, A., Witteman, J. C. (2001) A comparison of body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist circumference as predictors of all-cause mortality among the elderly: the Rotterdam study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25: 17301735.
  • 9
    Han, T. S., Williams, K., Sattar, N., Hunt, K. J., Lean, M. E., Haffner, S. M. (2002) Analysis of obesity and hyperinsulinemia in the development of metabolic syndrome: San Antonio Heart Study. Obes Res 10: 923931.
  • 10
    Sargeant, L. A., Bennett, F. I., Forrester, T. E., Cooper, R. S., Wilks, R. J. (2002) Predicting incident diabetes in Jamaica: the role of anthropometry. Obes Res 10: 792798.
  • 11
    Lakka, H. M., Lakka, T. A., Tuomilehto, J., Salonen, J. T. (2002) Abdominal obesity is associated with increased risk of acute coronary events in men. Eur Heart J 23: 706713.
  • 12
    Janssen, I., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Ross, R. (2002) Body mass index, waist circumference, and health risk: evidence in support of current National Institutes of Health guidelines. Arch Intern Med 162: 20742079.
  • 13
    Cornier, M. A., Tate, C. W., Grunwald, G. K., Bessesen, D. H. (2002) Relationship between waist circumference, body mass index, and medical care costs. Obes Res 10: 11671172.
  • 14
    Wang, J., Thornton, J. C., Bari, S., et al (2003) Comparisons of waist circumferences measured at 4 sites. Am J Clin Nutr 77: 379384.
  • 15
    National Institutes of Health (2001) Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). Executive Summary National Institutes for Health Bethesda, MD. NIH Publication No. 01-3670.
  • 16
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1998) Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults National Institutes for Health Bethesda, MD. NIH Publication No. 98-4083.
  • 17
    Okosun, I. S., Tedders, S. H., Choi, S., Dever, G. E. (2000) Abdominal adiposity values associated with established body mass indexes in white, black and Hispanic Americans: a study from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24: 12791285.
  • 18
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1994) Plan and operation of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-94. Vital Health Stat 1: 32. National Center for Health Statistics Bethesda, MD.
  • 19
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1996) The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III 1988-94) reference manuals and reports National Center for Health Statistics Bethesda, MD. (CD-ROM).
  • 20
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention NHANES 1999-2000 public data release file documentation. http:www.cdc.govnchsaboutmajornhanescurrentnhanes.htm (Accessed September 16, 2003).
  • 21
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Anthropometry procedures manual. http:www.cdc.govnchsdatanhanesbm.pdf (Accessed September 16, 2003).
  • 22
    Shah, B. V., Barnwell, B. G., Bieler, G. S. (1997) SUDAAN User's Manual, Version 7.5. Research Triangle Institute Research Triangle Park, NC.
  • 23
    Mokdad, A. H., Serdula, M. K., Dietz, W. H., Bowman, B. A., Marks, J. S., Koplan, J. P. (1999) The spread of the obesity epidemic in the United States, 1991-1998. JAMA 282: 15191522.
  • 24
    Fagot-Campagna, A., Narayan, K. M., Imperatore, G. (2001) Type 2 diabetes in children. BMJ 322: 377378.
  • 25
    Mokdad, A. H., Ford, E. S., Bowman, B. A., et al (2000) Diabetes trends in the U.S.: 1990-1998. Diabetes Care 23: 12781283.
  • 26
    Han, T. S., van Leer, E. M., Seidell, J. C., Lean, M. E. (1995) Waist circumference action levels in the identification of cardiovascular risk factors: prevalence study in a random sample. BMJ 311: 14011405.
  • 27
    Lean, M. E., Han, T. S., Morrison, C. E. (1995) Waist circumference as a measure for indicating need for weight management. BMJ 311: 158161.
  • 28
    Han, T. S., van Leer, E. M., Seidell, J. C., Lean, M. E. (1996) Waist circumference as a screening tool for cardiovascular risk factors: evaluation of receiver operating characteristics (ROC). Obes Res 4: 533547.
  • 29
    Hodge, A. M., Dowse, G. K., Gareeboo, H., Tuomilehto, J., Alberti, K. G., Zimmet, P. Z. (1996) Incidence, increasing prevalence, and predictors of change in obesity and fat distribution over 5 years in the rapidly developing population of Mauritius. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 20: 137146.
  • 30
    Lahti-Koski, M., Pietinen, P., Mannisto, S., Vartiainen, E. (2000) Trends in waist-to-hip ratio and its determinants in adults in Finland from 1987 to 1997. Am J Clin Nutr 72: 14361444.
  • 31
    Liese, A. D., Doring, A., Hense, H. W., Keil, U. (2001) Five year changes in waist circumference, body mass index and obesity in Augsburg, Germany. Eur J Nutr 40: 282288.
  • 32
    Ramachandran, A., Snehalatha, C., Vijay, V. (2002) Temporal changes in prevalence of type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in urban southern India. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 58: 5560.