The costs of publication of this article were defrayed, in part, by the payment of page charges. This article must, therefore, be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.
Major Increase in Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity between 1987 and 2001 among Danish Adults
Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
2004 North American Association for the Study of Obesity (NAASO)
Volume 12, Issue 9, pages 1464–1472, September 2004
How to Cite
Bendixen, H., Holst, C., Sørensen, T. I.A., Raben, A., Bartels, E. M. and Astrup, A. (2004), Major Increase in Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity between 1987 and 2001 among Danish Adults. Obesity Research, 12: 1464–1472. doi: 10.1038/oby.2004.183
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Received for review November 22, 2002; Accepted in final form July 02, 2004
- secular trends;
Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the secular trends in the prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2) and overweight (25.0 ≤ BMI < 30.0 kg/m2) in Danish adults between 1987 and 2001.
Research Methods and Procedures: The study included self-reported weight and height of 10, 094 men and 9897 women 16 to 98 years old, collected in a series of seven independent cross-sectional surveys. Prevalence and changes in prevalence of obesity and overweight stratified by sex and age groups were determined
Results: The prevalence of obesity more than doubled between 1987 and 2001, in men from 5.6% to 11.8% [odds ratio (OR) = 2.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.9 to 2.8, p < 0.0001] and in women from 5.4% to 12.5% (OR = 2.6, 95% CI = 2.1 to 3.2, p < 0.0001), with the largest increase among the 16- to 29-year-old subjects (men, from 0.8% to 7.5%, OR = 10.2, 95% CI = 4.1 to 25.3, p < 0.0001; women, from 1.4% to 9.0% OR = 7.0, 95% CI = 3.5 to 14.1, p < 0.0001). Between 1987 and 2001, the prevalence of overweight increased from 34% to 40% in men and from 17% to 27% in women.
Discussion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Denmark has increased substantially between 1987 and 2001, particularly among young adults, a development that resembles that of other countries. There is clearly a need for early preventive efforts in childhood to limit the number of obesity-related complications in young adults.