SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Allon, N.. (1982) The stigma of overweight in everyday life. In: Wolman, B (eds.). Psychological Aspects of Obesity: A Handbook. Van Nostrand Reindhold Co.: New York. 130174.
  • 2
    Sarlio-Lahteenkorva, S., Stunkard, A., Rissanen, A.. (1995) Psychosocial factors and quality of life in obesity. Int J Obes. 6: S1S5.
  • 3
    Rand, C. W., MacGregor, AMC. (1990) Morbidly obese patients’ perceptions of social discrimination before and after surgery for obesity. South Med J. 83: 13911395.
  • 4
    Rothblum, E. D.. (1996) Does overweight hold you back? Weight Watchers. 28: 4648.
  • 5
    Falkner, N. H., French, S. A., Jeffery, R. W., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Sherwood, N. E., Morton, N.. (1999) Mistreatment due to weight: prevalence and sources of perceived mistreatment in women and men. Obes Res. 7: 572576.
  • 6
    Latner, J. D., Stunkard, A. J.. (2003) Getting worse: the stigmatization of obese children. Obes Res. 11: 452456.
  • 7
    Cramer, P., Steinwert, T.. (1998) Thin is good, fat is bad: how early does it begin? J Appl Dev Psychol. 19: 429451.
  • 8
    Crandall, C. S.. (1994) Prejudice against fat people: ideology and self-interest. J Pers Soc Psychol. 66: 882894.
  • 9
    DeJong, W.. (1993) Obesity as a characterological stigma: the issue of responsibility and judgments of task performance. Psychol Rep. 73: 963970.
  • 10
    Harris, M. B., Harris, R. J., Bochner, S.. (1982) Fat, four-eyed, and female: stereotypes of obesity, glasses, and gender. J Appl Soc Psychol. 12: 503516.
  • 11
    Maddox, G. L., Back, L., Liederman, V.. (1968) Overweight as social deviance and disability. J Health Soc Behav. 9: 289298.
  • 12
    Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., Faibisch, L.. (1998) Perceived stigmatization among overweight African-American and Caucasian adolescent girls. J Adolesc Health. 23: 264270.
  • 13
    Tiggemann, M., Rothblum, E. D.. (1988) Gender differences in social consequences of perceived overweight in the United States and Australia. Sex Roles. 18: 7586.
  • 14
    Canning, H., Mayer, J.. (1966) Obesity: its possible effect on college acceptance. N Engl J Med. 275: 11721174.
  • 15
    Crandall, C. S.. (1991) Do heavyweight children have a more difficult time paying for college? Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 17: 606611.
  • 16
    Larkin, J. C., Pines, H. A.. (1979) No fat persons need apply: experimental studies of the overweight stereotype and hiring preference. Sociol Work Occup. 6: 312327.
  • 17
    Roe, D. A., Eickwort, K. R.. (1976) Relationships between obesity and associated health factors with unemployment among low income women. J Am Med Womens Assoc. 31: 193204.
  • 18
    Rothblum, E. D., Miller, C. T., Garbutt, B.. (1988) Stereotypes of obese female job applicants. Int J Eat Disord. 7: 277283.
  • 19
    Rothblum, E. D., Brand, P. A., Miller, C. T., Oetjen, H. A.. (1990) The relationship between obesity, employment discrimination, and employment-related victimization. J Vocat Behav. 37: 251266.
  • 20
    Rothblum, E. D.. (1992) The stigma of women's weight: social and economic realities. Fem Psychol. 2: 6173.
  • 21
    Sobal, J., Stunkard, M. J.. (1989) Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature. Psychol Bull. 105: 260275.
  • 22
    Puhl, R., Brownell, K. D.. (2001) Bias, discrimination, and obesity. Obes Res. 9: 788805.
  • 23
    Cossrow, NHF, Jeffery, R. W., McGuire, M. T.. (2001) Understanding weight stigmatization: a focus group study. J Nutr Educ Behav. 3: 208214.
  • 24
    Young, L. M., Powell, B.. (1985) The effects of obesity on the clinical judgments of mental health professionals. J Health Soc Behav. 26: 233246.
  • 25
    Myers, A., Rosen, J. C.. (1999) Obesity stigmatization and coping: relation to mental health symptoms, body image, and self-esteem. Int J Obes. 23: 221230.
  • 26
    Crandall, C. S., Biernat, M.. (1990) The ideology of anti-fat attitudes. J Appl Soc Psychol. 20: 227243.
  • 27
    Goffman, I.. (1963) Stigma. Simon & Shuster, Inc: New York.
  • 28
    Quinn, D. M., Crocker, J.. (1999) When ideology hurts: effects of belief in the Protestant ethic and feeling overweight on the psychological well-being of women. J Pers Soc Psychol. 77: 402414.
  • 29
    DeJong, W.. (1980) The stigma of obesity: the consequences of naïve assumptions concerning the causes of physical deviance. J Health Soc Behav. 21: 7587.
  • 30
    Dejong, W., Kleck, R. E.. (1986) The social psychological effects of overweight. In: Herman, CP Zanna, MP and Higgins, ET (eds.). Physical Appearance, Stigma, and Social Behavior: The Ontario Symposium. Lawrence Erlbaum: Hillsdale, NJ. 3rd: 6587.
  • 31
    Tiggemann, M., Rothblum, E. D.. (1997) Gender differences in internal beliefs about weight and negative attitudes towards self and others. Psychol Women Q. 21: 581593.
  • 32
    Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J. E., Erbaugh, J.. (1961) An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 4: 561571.
  • 33
    Rosenberg, M.. (1979) Conceiving the Self. Basic Books: New York.
  • 34
    Derogatis, L. R., Spencer, P. M.. (1982) The Brief Symptom Inventory: Administration, Scoring and Procedures Manual. Clinical Psychometric Research: Baltimore, MD.
  • 35
    Derogatis, L. R.. (1975) Brief Symptom Inventory. Clinical Psychometric Research: Baltimore, MD.
  • 36
    Derogatis, L. R.. (1977) Symptom Checklist-90 Manual. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, MD.
  • 37
    Cooper, P. J., Taylor, M. J., Cooper, Z., Fairburn, C. G.. (1987) The development and validation of the Body Shape Questionnaire. Int J Eat Disord. 6: 485494.
  • 38
    Allison, D. B., Basile, V. C., Yuker, H. E.. (1991) The measurement of attitudes toward and beliefs about obese persons. Int J Eat Disord. 10: 599607.
  • 39
    Baron, R. M., Kenny, D. A.. (1986) The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. J Pers Soc Psychol. 51: 11731182.
  • 40
    Aiken, L. S., West, P. G.. (1991) Multiple Regression: Testing and Interpreting Interactions. Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA.
  • 41
    Neter, J., Wasserman, W., Kutner, M. H.. (1989) Applied Linear Regression Models. Irwin: Homewood, IL.
  • 42
    Crocker, J., Major, B.. (1989) Social stigma and self-esteem: the self-protective properties of stigma. Psychol Rev. 96: 608630.
  • 43
    Crocker, J., Luhtanen, R.. (1990) Collective self-esteem and ingroup bias. J Pers Soc Psychol. 58: 6067.
  • 44
    Crocker, J., Luhtanen, R., Blaine, B., Broadnax, S.. (1994) Collective self-esteem and psychological well-being among White, Black, and Asian, college students. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 20: 502513.
  • 45
    Tajfek, H., Turner, J. C.. (1985) The social identity theory of intergroup behavior. In: Worchelm, S and Austin, WG (eds.). The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. Brooks/Cole: Monterey, CA.
  • 46
    Crocker, J.. (1999) Social stigma and self-esteem: situational construction of self-worth. J Exp Soc Psychol. 31: 89107.
  • 47
    Croker, J., Quinn, D. M.. (2000) Social stigma and the self: meanings, situations, and self-esteem. In: Heatherton TF Kleck TW Hebl, MR and Hull, JG (eds.). The Psychology of Stigma. Guilford Press: New York. 153183.
  • 48
    Quinn, D. M., Crocker, J.. (1998) Vulnerability to the affective consequences of the stigma of overweight. In: Swim, JK Stangor, C (eds.). Prejudice: The Target's Perspective. Academic Press: San Diego, CA. 125143.
  • 49
    Burgard, D., Lyons, P.. (1994) Alternatives in obesity treatment: focusing on health for fat women. In: Fallon, P Katzman, MA and Wooley, SC (eds.). Feminist Perspectives on Eating Disorders. The Guilford Press: New York. 212230.
  • 50
    Robinson, B. E., Bacon, J. G.. (1996) The “if only I were thin …” treatment program: decreasing the stigmatizing effects of fatness. Prof Psychol Res Pr. 27: 175183.
  • 51
    Ciliska, D.. (1998) Evaluation of two nondieting interventions for obese women. West J Nurs Res. 20: 119135.
  • 52
    Ramirez, E. M., Rosen, J. C.. (2001) A comparison of weight control and weight control plus body image therapy for obese men and women. J Consult Clin Psychol. 69: 440446.
  • 53
    Burns, D. D.. (1999) Feeling Good: The New Mood Therapy. Harper Collins: New York.
  • 54
    Kemper, K. A., Sargent, R. G., Drane, J. W., Valois, R. F., Hussey, J. R.. (1994) Black and White females’ perceptions of ideal body size and social norms. Obes Res. 2: 117126.
  • 55
    Armstead, C. A., Lawler, K. A., Gorden, G., Cross, J., Gibbons, J.. (1989) Relationship of racial stressors to blood pressure responses and anger expression in black college students. Health Psychol. 8: 541556.
  • 56
    Steffen, P. R., McNeily, M., Anderson, N., Sherwood, A.. (2003) Effects of perceived racism and anger inhibition on ambulatory blood pressure in African Americans. Psychosom Med. 65: 746750.