Piedmont Health Services, Chapel Hill, North Carolina and Sandhills Community Care Network, Pinehurst, North Carolina; S.D., University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, Texas; L.S.K., L.K., R.T.H., M.B.B., S.J.Y., Veterans Administration National Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Durham, North Carolina; Z.G., North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics, Department of Health and Human Services, Raleigh, North Carolina.
Obesity and Weight Control Practices in 2000 Among Veterans Using VA Facilities
Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
2005 North American Association for the Study of Obesity (NAASO)
Volume 13, Issue 8, pages 1404–1411, August 2005
How to Cite
Wang, A., Kinsinger, L. S., Kahwati, L. C., Das, S. R., Gizlice, Z., Harvey, R. T., Burdick, M. B. and Yevich, S. J. (2005), Obesity and Weight Control Practices in 2000 Among Veterans Using VA Facilities. Obesity Research, 13: 1404–1411. doi: 10.1038/oby.2005.170
The costs of publication of this article were defrayed, in part, by the payment of page charges. This article must, therefore, be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Received for review September 21, 2004; Accepted in final form May 20, 2005
- professional advice;
- body weight changes
Objective: To examine obesity prevalence and weight control practices among veterans who use Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical facilities (VA users).
Research Methods and Procedures: Data from the 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a telephone survey of 184, 450 adults, were analyzed. Outcome measures included BMI, weight control practices (the intent to manage weight, and diet and physical activity patterns), and receipt of professional weight control advice.
Results: Of VA users, 44% were overweight and 25% were obese. After controlling for demographic factors, VA users were somewhat less likely to be overweight (odds ratio, 0.86; 95% confidence interval, 0.74 to 1.00) but equally likely to be obese (odds ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.92 to 1.27), compared with non-VA users. Among obese VA users, 75% reported trying to lose weight, and another 17% reported trying to maintain weight. Of these, only 40% decreased both calorie and fat intake. Only 27% of obese VA users who reported increasing exercise to lose weight followed recommendations for regular and sustained physical activity. Of obese VA users, 59% were inactive or irregularly active. Only 51% of obese VA users received professional advice to lose weight. Obese VA users were more likely than obese non-VA users to report trying to lose weight, modifying diet to lose weight by decreasing both calories and fat intake, and receiving professional weight control advice.
Discussion: Interventions for weight management programs in VA facilities need to take into account the high prevalence of overweight/obesity among VA users and should emphasize effective weight control practices.