Physiological Evidence for the Involvement of Peptide YY in the Regulation of Energy Homeostasis in Humans
Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
2006 North American Association for the Study of Obesity (NAASO)
Volume 14, Issue 9, pages 1562–1570, September 2006
How to Cite
Guo, Y., Ma, L., Enriori, P. J., Koska, J., Franks, P. W., Brookshire, T., Cowley, M. A., Salbe, A. D., DelParigi, A. and Tataranni, P. A. (2006), Physiological Evidence for the Involvement of Peptide YY in the Regulation of Energy Homeostasis in Humans. Obesity, 14: 1562–1570. doi: 10.1038/oby.2006.180
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Received for review July 12, 2005, Accepted in final from June 19, 2006
- peptide YY;
- body weight;
- energy homeostasis
Objective: To explore the potential role of the endogenous peptide YY (PYY) in the long-term regulation of body weight and energy homeostasis.
Research Methods and Procedures: Fasting and postprandial plasma PYY concentrations were measured after an overnight fast and 30 to 180 minutes after a standardized meal in 29 (21 men/8 women) non-diabetic subjects, 16 of whom had a follow-up visit 10.8 ± 1.4 months later. Ratings of hunger and satiety were collected using visual analog scales. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) (15-hour RMR) and respiratory quotient (RQ) were assessed using a respiratory chamber.
Results: Fasting PYY concentrations were negatively correlated with various markers of adiposity and negatively associated with 15-hour RMR (r = −0.46, p = 0.01). Postprandial changes in PYY (area under the curve) were positively associated with postprandial changes in ratings of satiety (r = 0.47, p = 0.01). The maximal PYY concentrations achieved after the meal (peak PYY) were negatively associated with 24-hour RQ (r = −0.41, p = 0.03). Prospectively, the peak PYY concentrations were negatively associated with changes in body weight (r = −0.58, p = 0.01).
Discussion: Our data indicate that the endogenous PYY may be involved in the long-term regulation of body weight. It seems that this long-term effect was not exclusively driven by the modulation of food intake but also by the control of energy expenditure and lipid metabolism.