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Keywords:

  • peptide YY;
  • body weight;
  • energy homeostasis

Abstract

Objective: To explore the potential role of the endogenous peptide YY (PYY) in the long-term regulation of body weight and energy homeostasis.

Research Methods and Procedures: Fasting and postprandial plasma PYY concentrations were measured after an overnight fast and 30 to 180 minutes after a standardized meal in 29 (21 men/8 women) non-diabetic subjects, 16 of whom had a follow-up visit 10.8 ± 1.4 months later. Ratings of hunger and satiety were collected using visual analog scales. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) (15-hour RMR) and respiratory quotient (RQ) were assessed using a respiratory chamber.

Results: Fasting PYY concentrations were negatively correlated with various markers of adiposity and negatively associated with 15-hour RMR (r = −0.46, p = 0.01). Postprandial changes in PYY (area under the curve) were positively associated with postprandial changes in ratings of satiety (r = 0.47, p = 0.01). The maximal PYY concentrations achieved after the meal (peak PYY) were negatively associated with 24-hour RQ (r = −0.41, p = 0.03). Prospectively, the peak PYY concentrations were negatively associated with changes in body weight (r = −0.58, p = 0.01).

Discussion: Our data indicate that the endogenous PYY may be involved in the long-term regulation of body weight. It seems that this long-term effect was not exclusively driven by the modulation of food intake but also by the control of energy expenditure and lipid metabolism.