• 1
    LaMonte, MJ, Barlow, CE, Jurca, R., Kampert, JB, Church, TS, Blair, SN (2005) Cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely associated with the incidence of metabolic syndrome: a prospective study of men and women. Circulation 112: 505512.
  • 2
    Lee, S., Kuk, JL, Katzmarzyk, PT, Blair, SN, Church, TS, Ross, R. (2005) Cardiorespiratory fitness attenuates metabolic risk independent of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat in men. Diabetes Care 28: 895901.
  • 3
    Blair, SN, Kampert, JB, Kohl, HW 3rd, et al. (1996) Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women. JAMA 276: 205210.
  • 4
    Wei, M., Kampert, JB, Barlow, CE, et al. (1999) Relationship between low cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality in normal-weight, overweight, and obese men. JAMA 282: 15471553.
  • 5
    Wei, M., Gibbons, LW, Kampert, JB, Nichaman, MZ, Blair, SN (2000) Low cardiorespiratory fitness and physical inactivity as predictors of mortality in men with type 2 diabetes. Ann Intern Med. 132: 605611.
  • 6
    Gutin, B., Yin, Z., Humphries, MC, Hoffman, WH, Gower, B., Barbeau, P. (2004) Relations of fatness and fitness to fasting insulin in black and white adolescents. J Pediatr. 145: 737743.
  • 7
    Ball, GD, Shaibi, GQ, Cruz, ML, Watkins, MP, Weigensberg, MJ, Goran, MI (2004) Insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and physical activity in overweight Hispanic youth. Obes Res. 12: 7785.
  • 8
    Kasa-Vubu, JZ, Lee, CC, Rosenthal, A., Singer, K., Halter, JB (2005) Cardiovascular fitness and exercise as determinants of insulin resistance in postpubertal adolescent females. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 90: 849854.
  • 9
    Andreacci, JL, Robertson, RJ, Dube, JJ, Aaron, DJ, Balasekaran, G., Arslanian, SA (2004) Comparison of maximal oxygen consumption between black and white prepubertal and pubertal children. Pediatr Res. 56: 706713.
  • 10
    Andreacci, JL, Robertson, RJ, Dube, JJ, Aaron, DJ, Dixon, CB, Arslanian, SA (2005) Comparison of maximal oxygen consumption between obese black and white adolescents. Pediatr Res. 58: 478482.
  • 11
    Arslanian, SA, Saad, R., Lewy, V., Danadian, K., Janosky, J. (2002) Hyperinsulinemia in African-American children: decreased insulin clearance and increased insulin secretion and its relationship to insulin sensitivity. Diabetes 51: 30143019.
  • 12
    Danadian, K., Balasekaran, G., Lewy, V., Meza, MP, Robertson, R., Arslanian, SA (1999) Insulin sensitivity in African-American children with and without family history of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 22: 13251329.
  • 13
    Arslanian, SA, Lewy, VD, Danadian, K. (2001) Glucose intolerance in obese adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome: roles of insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction and risk of cardiovascular disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 86: 6671.
  • 14
    Lewy, VD, Danadian, K., Witchel, SF, Arslanian, S. (2001) Early metabolic abnormalities in adolescent girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome. J Pediatr. 138: 3844.
  • 15
    Cumming, GR, Everatt, D., Hastman, L. (1978) Bruce treadmill test in children: normal values in a clinic population. Am J Cardiol. 41: 6975.
  • 16
    Vanderburgh, PM, Katch, FI (1996) Ratio scaling of Vo2max penalizes women with larger percent body fat, not lean body mass. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 28: 12041208.
  • 17
    Kuczmarski, RJ, Ogden, CL, Guo, SS, et al. (2002) 2000 CDC growth charts for the United States: methods and development. Vital Health Stat. 11: 1190.
  • 18
    Boreham, C., Twisk, J., Murray, L., Savage, M., Strain, JJ, Cran, G. (2001) Fitness, fatness, and coronary heart disease risk in adolescents: the Northern Ireland Young Hearts Project. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 33: 270274.
  • 19
    Shaibi, GQ, Cruz, ML, Ball, GD, et al. (2005) Cardiovascular fitness and the metabolic syndrome in overweight Latino youths. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 37: 922928.
  • 20
    Johnson, MS, Figueroa-Colon, R., Herd, SL, et al. (2000) Aerobic fitness, not energy expenditure, influences subsequent increase in adiposity in black and white children. Pediatrics 106: E50
  • 21
    Eisenmann, JC, Wickel, EE, Welk, GJ, Blair, SN (2005) Relationship between adolescent fitness and fatness and cardiovascular disease risk factors in adulthood: the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS). Am Heart J. 149: 4653.