Hip-Hop to Health Jr. for Latino Preschool Children

Authors

  • Marian L. Fitzgibbon,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Medicine, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois
    2. Veterans Administration Midwest Center for Health Services and Policy Research and the Jesse Brown Veterans Administration Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
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  • Melinda R. Stolley,

    1. Department of Medicine, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois
    2. Veterans Administration Midwest Center for Health Services and Policy Research and the Jesse Brown Veterans Administration Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
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  • Linda Schiffer,

    1. Department of Medicine, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois
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  • Linda Van Horn,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
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  • Katherine KauferChristoffel,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
    2. Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois
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  • Alan Dyer

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
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Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt Road, Room 558, Chicago, IL 60608. E-mail: mlf@uic.edu

Abstract

Objective: Hip-Hop to Health Jr. was a diet/physical activity intervention designed to reduce gains in BMI (kilograms per meter squared) in preschool minority children.

Research Methods and Procedures: Twelve predominantly Latino Head Start centers participated in a group-randomized trial conducted between Fall 2001 and Winter 2003. Six centers were randomized to a culturally proficient 14-week (three times weekly) diet/physical activity intervention. Parents participated by completing weekly homework assignments. The children in the other six centers received a general health intervention that did not address either diet or physical activity. The primary outcome was change in BMI, and secondary outcomes were changes in dietary intake and physical activity. Measures were collected at baseline, post-intervention, and at Years 1 and 2 follow-up.

Results: There were no significant differences between intervention and control schools in either primary or secondary outcomes at post-intervention, Year 1, or Year 2 follow-ups.

Discussion: When Hip-Hop to Health Jr. was conducted in predominantly black Head Start centers, it was effective in reducing subsequent increases in BMI in preschool children. In contrast, when the program was conducted in Latino centers, it was not effective. Although the intervention did not prevent excessive weight gain in Latino children, it was very well received. Future interventions with this population may require further cultural tailoring and a more robust parent intervention.

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