• 1
    Brill, Bond J., Perry, A., Parker, L., Robinson, A., Burnett, K. (2002) Dose-response effect of walking exercise on weight loss. How much is enough? Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 26: 14841493.
  • 2
    Weinsier, R. L., Hunter, G. R., Desmond, R. A., Byrne, N. M., Zuckerman, P. A., Darnell, BE (2002) Free-living activity energy expenditure in women successful and unsuccessful at maintaining a normal body weight. Am J Clin Nutr. 75: 499504.
  • 3
    The Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group (2004) Achieving weight and activity goals among diabetes prevention program lifestyle participants. Obes Res. 12: 14261434.
  • 4
    Wadden, T. A., Letizia, KA (1992) Predictors of attrition and weight loss in patients treated by moderate and severe caloric restriction In: Wadden, TA VanItallie, TB eds. Treatment of the Seriously Obese Patient 383410. The Guilford Press New York.
  • 5
    Jakicic, J., Wing, R., Winters-Hart, C. (2002) Relationship of physical activity to eating behaviors and weight loss in women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 34: 16531659.
  • 6
    Deforche, B., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Tanghe, A., Debode, P., Hills, A., Bouckaert, J. (2005) Post-treatment phone contact: a weight maintenance strategy in obese youngsters. Int J Obes (Lond). 29: 543546.
  • 7
    Klem, M., Wing, R., McGuire, M., Seagle, H., Hill, J. (1997) A descriptive study of individuals successful at long-term maintenance of substantial weight loss. Am J Clin Nutr. 66: 239246.
  • 8
    Klem, M. L., Wing, R. R., Lang, W., McGuire, M. T., Hill, JO (2000) Does weight loss maintenance become easier over time? Obes Res. 8: 438444.
  • 9
    Fogelholm, M., Kukkonen-Harjula, K., Nenonen, A., Pasanen, M. (2000) Effects of walking training on weight maintenance after a very-low-energy diet in premenopausal obese women: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med. 160: 21772184.
  • 10
    Kayman, S., Bruvold, W., Stern, JS (1990) Maintenance and relapse after weight loss in women: behavioral aspects. Am J Clin Nutr. 52: 800807.
  • 11
    Latner, J. (2001) Self-help in the long-term treatment of obesity. Obes Rev. 2: 8797.
  • 12
    DePue, J., Clark, M., Ruggiero, L., Medeiros, M., Pera, V., Jr (1995) Maintenance of weight loss: a needs assessment. Obes Res. 3: 241248.
  • 13
    Prochaska, J., DiClemente, C. (1984) Self change processes, self efficacy and decisional balance across five stages of smoking cessation. Prog Clin Biol Res. 156: 131140.
  • 14
    Australian Government Department of Health and Aging Australian National Physical Activity Guidelines (Accessed October 16, 2002).
  • 15
    Borushek, A. (2003) Doctor's Pocket Calorie, Fat and Carbohydrate Counter Family Health Publications Nedlands WA, Australia.
  • 16
    Byrne, N. M., Weinsier, R. L., Hunter, G. R., et al (2003) Influence of distribution of lean body mass on resting metabolic rate after weight loss and weight regain: comparison of responses in white and black women. Am J Clin Nutr. 77: 13681373.
  • 17
    Borg, G. (1985) An Introduction to Borg's RPE-Scale Movement Publications New York.
  • 18
    Borg, G. (1982) Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 14: 377381.
  • 19
    Fink, W. J., Costill, DL (1990) Analytical Methods for the Meaurement of Human Performance: Human Performance Laboratory Ball State University Muncie, IN.
  • 20
    Ross, R., Janssen, I., Dawson, J., et al (2004) Exercise-induced reduction in obesity and insulin resistance in women: a randomized controlled trial. Obes Res. 12: 789798.
  • 21
    World Health Organization. (2000) The Asia-Pacific Perspective: Redefining Obesity and Its Treatment Health Communications Australia Canberra, Australia.
  • 22
    Irwin, M. L., Yasui, Y., Ulrich, C. M., et al (2003) Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 289: 323330.
  • 23
    Slentz, C. A., Aiken, L. B., Houmard, J. A., et al (2005) Inactivity, exercise, and visceral fat. STRRIDE: a randomized, controlled study of exercise intensity and amount. J Appl Physiol. 99: 16131618.
  • 24
    Heshka, S., Anderson, J. W., Atkinson, R. L., et al (2003) Weight loss with self-help compared with a structured commercial program: a randomized trial. JAMA 289: 17921798.
  • 25
    Segal, S., Silverman, C., Temkin, T. (1995) Measuring empowerment in client-run self-help agencies. Community Ment Health J. 31: 215227.
  • 26
    Aron, D. C., Raff, H., Findling, JW (1997) Effectiveness versus efficacy: the limited value in clinical practice of high dose dexamethasone suppression testing in the differential diagnosis of adrenocorticotropin-dependent Cushing's syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 82: 17801785.
  • 27
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1996) Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Atlanta, GA.
  • 28
    Wing, RR (2002) Behavioral weight control. Wadden, TA Stunkard, AJ eds. Handbook of Obesity Treatment 301316. Guilford Press New York.
  • 29
    Ross, R., Dagnone, D., Jones, P. J. H., et al (2000) Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men: a randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 133: 92103.
  • 30
    Doucet, E., Imbeault, P., Almeras, N., Tremblay, A. (1999) Physical activity and low-fat diet: is it enough to maintain weight stability in the reduced-obese individual following weight loss by drug therapy and energy restriction? Obes Res. 7: 323333.
  • 31
    Tremblay, A., Despres, J. P., Leblanc, C., et al (1990) Effect of intensity of physical activity on body fatness and fat distribution. Am J Clin Nutr. 51: 153157.
  • 32
    Tremblay, A., Simoneau, J. A., Bouchard, C. (1994) Impact of exercise intensity on body fatness and skeletal muscle metabolism. Metabolism 43: 814818.
  • 33
    American College of Sports Medicine. (2005) ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription 7th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Baltimore, MD.
  • 34
    Pollock, M. L., Gaesser, G. A., Butcher, JD (1998) The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 30: 975991.
  • 35
    Skinner, J. S., Jaskolski, A., Jaskolska, A., et al (2001) Age, sex, race, initial fitness, and response to training: the HERITAGE Family Study. J Appl Physiol. 90: 17701776.