• 1
    Brownell, K. D., Puhl, R., Schwartz, M. B., Rudd, L. eds. (2005) Weight Bias: Nature, Consequences, and Remedies. Guilford PublicationsL: New York.
  • 2
    Puhl, R., Brownell, KD (2001) Bias, discrimination, and obesity. Obes Res. 9: 788805.
  • 3
    Paul, R. J., Townsend, JB (1995) Shape up or ship out? Employment discrimination against the overweight. Emp Respons Rights J. 8: 133145.
  • 4
    Roehling, MV (1999) Weight-based discrimination in employment: psychological and legal aspects. Pers Psychol. 52: 9691017.
  • 5
    Canning, H., Mayer, J. (1966) Obesity: its possible effect on college acceptance. N Engl J Med. 275: 11721174.
  • 6
    Weiler, K., Helms, LB (1993) Responsibilities of nursing education: the lessons of Russell v Salve Regina. J Prof Nurs. 9: 131138.
  • 7
    Price, J. H., Desmond, S. M., Krol, R. A., Snyder, F. F., O'Connell, JK (1987) Family practice physicians’ beliefs, attitudes, and practices regarding obesity. Am J Prev Med. 3: 339345.
  • 8
    Kristeller, J. L., Hoerr, RA (1997) Physician attitudes toward managing obesity: differences among six specialty groups. Am J Prev Med. 26: 542549.
  • 9
    Hoppe, R., Ogden, J. (1997) Practice nurses’ beliefs about obesity and weight related interventions in primary care. Int J Obes. 21: 141146.
  • 10
    Young, L. M., Powell, B. (1985) The effects of obesity on the clinical judgments of mental health professionals. J Health Soc Behav. 26: 233246.
  • 11
    Schwartz, M. B., O'Neal, H., Brownell, K. D., Blair, S., Billington, C. (2003) Weight bias among health professionals specializing in obesity. Obes Res. 11: 10331039.
  • 12
    Foster, G. D., Wadden, T. A., Makris, A. P., et al (2003) Primary care physicians’ attitudes about obesity and its treatment. Obes Res. 11: 11681177.
  • 13
    Brylinskey, J. A., Moore, JC (1994) The identification of body build stereotypes in young children. J Res Pers. 28: 170181.
  • 14
    Crandall, C. (1994) Prejudice against fat people: ideology and self-interest. J Pers Soc Psychol. 66: 882894.
  • 15
    Teachman, B. A., Gapinski, K. D., Brownell, K. D., Rawlins, M., Jeyaram, S. (2003) Demonstrations of implicit anti-fat bias: the impact of providing causal information and evoking empathy. Health Psychol. 22: 6878.
  • 16
    Cramer, P., Steinwert, T. (1998) Thin is good, fat is bad: How early does it begin? J App Dev Psychol. 19: 429451.
  • 17
    Latner, J. D., Stunkard, AJ (2003) Getting worse: the stigmatization of obese children. Obes Res. 11: 452456.
  • 18
    Carr, D., Friedman, MA (2005) Is obesity stigmatizing? Body weight, perceived discrimination, and psychological well-being in the United States. J Health Soc Behav. 46: 244259.
  • 19
    Friedman, K. E., Reichmann, S. K., Costanzo, P. R., Zelli, A., Ashmore, J. A., Musante, GJ (2005) Weight stigmatization and ideological beliefs: relation to psychological functioning in obese adults. Obes Res. 13: 907916.
  • 20
    Myers, A., Rosen, JC (1999) Obesity stigmatization and coping: relation to mental health symptoms, body image, and self-esteem. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 23: 221230.
  • 21
    Haines, J., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Eisenberg, M. E., Hannan, PJ (2006) Weight teasing and disordered eating behaviors in adolescents: longitudinal findings from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens). Pediatrics. 117: 209215.
  • 22
    Jackson, T. D., Grilo, C. M., Masheb, RM (2000) Teasing history, onset of obesity, current eating disorder psychopathology, body dissatisfaction, and psychological functioning in binge eating disorder. Obes Res. 8: 451458.
  • 23
    Greeno, C. G., Wing, RR (1994) Stress-induced eating. Psychol Bull. 115: 444464.
  • 24
    Falkner, N. H., French, S. A., Jeffery, R. W., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Sherwood, N. E., Morton, M. (1990) Mistreatment due to weight: prevalence and sources of perceived mistreatment in women and men. Obes Res. 7: 572576.
  • 25
    Jasper, C. R., Klassen, ML (1990) Perceptions of salespersons’ appearance and evaluation of job performance. Percept Mot Skills. 71: 563566.
  • 26
    Bellizzi, J. A., Klassen, M. L., Belonax, JJ (1989) Stereotypical beliefs about overweight and smoking and decision-making assignments to sales territories. Percept Mot Skills. 69: 419429.
  • 27
    Hebl, M. R., Turchin, JM (2005) The stigma of obesity: what about men? Basic Applied Soc Psychol. 3: 267275.
  • 28
    Puhl, R., Brownell, KD (2003) Ways of coping with obesity stigma: conceptual review and analysis. Eat Behav. 4: 5378.
  • 29
    Allison, D. B., Basile, V. C., Yuker, HE (1991) The measurement of attitudes toward and beliefs about obese persons. Int J Eating Disord. 10: 599607.
  • 30
    Rosenberg, M. (1965) Society and Adolescent Self-Image Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ.
  • 31
    Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., Erbaugh, J. (1961) An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 4: 561571.
  • 32
    Spitzer, R. L., Yanovski, S., Wadden, T., et al (1993) Binge eating disorder: its further validation in a multisite study. Int J Eating Disord. 13: 137153.
  • 33
    Yanovski, S. Z., Nelson, J. E., Dubbert, B. K., Spitzer, RL (1993) Association of binge eating disorder and psychiatric comorbidity in obese subjects. Am J Psychiatry. 150: 14721479.
  • 34
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1998) Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults: National Institutes of Health Publication 98-4083. National Institutes of Health: Bethesda, MD.
  • 35
    Fontaine, K. R., Faith, M. S., Allison, D. B., Cheskin, LJ (1998) Body weight and health care among women in the general population. Arch Fam Med. 7: 381384.
  • 36
    Teachman, B. A., Brownell, KD (2001) Implicit anti-fat bias among health professionals: is anyone immune? Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 25: 15251531.
  • 37
    Hobfoll, S. E., Dunahoo, C. L., Ben-Porath, Y., Monnier, J. (1994) Gender and coping: a dual-axis model of coping. Am J Community Psychol. 22: 4982.
  • 38
    Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., Weintraub, JK (1989) Assessing coping strategies: a theoretically based approach. J Pers Soc Psychol. 56: 267283.
  • 39
    Lyons, R. F., Mickelson, K. D., Sullivan, M. J., Coyne, JC (1998) Coping as a communal process. J Soc Personal Relationships. 15: 579605.
  • 40
    Hebl, M. R., Xu, J. (2001) Weighing the care: physicians’ reactions to the size of a patient. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 25: 12461252.
  • 41
    Olson, C. L., Schumaker, H. D., Yawn, BP (1994) Overweight women delay medical care. Arch Fam Med. 3: 888892.
  • 42
    Wiese, H. J., Wilson, J. F., Jones, R. A., Neises, M. (1992) Obesity stigma reduction in medical students. Int J Obes. 16: 859868.
  • 43
    Hague, A. L., White, AA (2005) Web-based intervention for changing attitudes of obesity among current and future teachers. J Nutr Educ Behav. 37: 5866.
  • 44
    Latner, J. D., Schwartz, MB (2005) Weight bias in a child's world. In Brownell KD Puhl RM Schwartz, MB and Rudd, L. (eds). Weight Bias: Nature, Consequences, and Remedies. Guilford Publications: New York. 5467.