SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Cohn, C., Joseph, D. (1968) Caloric intake, weight loss and changes in body composition of rats as influenced by feeding frequency. J Nutr. 96: 94100.
  • 2
    Wardlaw, J. M., Hennyey, D. J., Clarke, RH. (1969) The effect of decreased feeding frequency on body composition in mature and immature male and female rats. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 47: 4752.
  • 3
    Leveille, GA. (1970) Adipose tissue metabolism: influence of periodicity of eating and diet composition. Fed Proc. 29: 12941301.
  • 4
    Matsuzawa, Y., Shimomura, I., Nakamura, T., Keno, Y., Kotani, K., Tokunaga, K. (1995) Pathophysiology and pathogenesis of visceral fat obesity. Obes Res. 3: (Suppl 2), 18794S.
  • 5
    Fabry, P., Hejda, S., Cerny, K., Osancova, K., Pechar, J. (1966) Effect of meal frequency in schoolchildren: changes in weight-height proportion and skinfold thickness. Am J Clin Nutr. 18: 358361.
  • 6
    Bortz, W. M., Wroldsen, A., Issekutz, B. Jr, Rodahl, K. (1966) Weight loss and frequency of feeding. N Engl J Med. 274: 376379.
  • 7
    Debry, G., Rohr, R., Azouaou, G., Vassilitch, I., Mottaz, G. (1968) [Study of the effect of dividing the daily caloric intake into 7 meals on weight loss in obese subjects]. Nutr Dieta Eur Rev Nutr Diet 10: 288296French.
  • 8
    Finkelstein, B., Fryer, B. (1971) Meal frequency and weight reduction of young women. Am J Clin Nutr. 24: 465468.
  • 9
    Young, C. M., Scanlan, S. S., Topping, C. M., Simko, V., Lutwak, L. (1971) Frequency of feeding, weight reduction, and body composition. J Am Diet Assoc. 59: 466472.
  • 10
    Garrow, J. S., Durrant, M., Blaza, S., Wilkins, D., Royston, P., Sunkin, S. (1981) The effect of meal frequency and protein concentration on the composition of the weight lost by obese subjects. Br J Nutr. 45: 515.
  • 11
    Antoine, J. M., Rohr, R., Gagey, M. J., Bleyer, R. E., Debry, G. (1984) Feeding frequency and nitrogen balance in weight-reducing obese women. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr. 38C: 3138.
  • 12
    Verboeket-van de Venne, W. P., Westerterp, KR. (1993) Frequency of feeding, weight reduction and energy metabolism. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 17: 3136.
  • 13
    Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S., Wijckmans-Duysens, N. A., Ten Hoor, F. (1994) Food intake in the daily environment after energy-reduced lunch, related to habitual meal frequency. Appetite 22: 173182.
  • 14
    Speechly, D. P., Buffenstein, R. (1999) Greater appetite control associated with an increased frequency of eating in lean males. Appetite 33: 285297.
  • 15
    Speechly, D. P., Rogers, G. G., Buffenstein, R. (1999) Acute appetite reduction associated with an increased frequency of eating in obese males. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 23: 11511159.
  • 16
    Metzner, H. L., Lamphiear, D. E., Wheeler, N. C., Larkin, FA. (1977) The relation between frequency of eating and adiposity in adult men and women in the Tecumseh Community Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 30: 712715.
  • 17
    Charzewska, J., Kulesza, W., Brzenziska, J., Chwojnowska, Z. (1981) Relation between obesity or overweight development and the frequency of meals, their distribution during the day and consumption of atherogenic food products. Zywtenie Czlowieka 8: 217227.
  • 18
    Kant, A. K., Schatzkin, A., Graubard, B. I., Ballard-Barbash, R. (1995) Frequency of eating occasions and weight change in NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 19: 468474.
  • 19
    Drummond, S. E., Crombie, N. E., Cursiter, M. C., Kirk, TR. (1998) Evidence that eating frequency is inversely related to body weight status in male, but not female, non-obese adults reporting valid dietary intakes. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 22: 105112.
  • 20
    Ruidavets, J. B., Bongard, V., Bataille, V., Gourdy, P., Ferrieres, J. (2002) Eating frequency and body fatness in middle-aged men. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 26: 14761483.
  • 21
    Jenkins, DJ. (1997) Carbohydrate tolerance and food frequency. Br J Nutr. 77: (Suppl 1), S71S81.
  • 22
    Wadhwa, P. S., Young, S. E. A., Schmidt, K., Elson, C. E., Pringle, DJ. (1973) Metabolic consequences of feeding frequency in man. Am J Clin Nutr. 26: 823830.
  • 23
    Verboeket-van de Venne, WPHG, Westerterp, KR. (1991) Influence of the feeding frequency on nutrient utilization in man: consequences for energy metabolism. Eur J Clin Nutr. 45: 161169.
  • 24
    Verboeket-van de Venne, W. P., Westerterp, K. R., van Hoek, B., Swart, GR. (1995) Energy expenditure and substrate metabolism in patients with cirrhosis of the liver: effects of the pattern of food intake. Gut 36: 110116.
  • 25
    McGrath, S. A., Gibney, MJ. (1994) The effects of altered frequency of eating on plasma lipids in free-living healthy males on normal self-selected diets. Eur J Clin Nutr. 48: 402407.
  • 26
    Arnold, L. M., Ball, M. J., Duncan, A. W., Mann, J. (1993) Effect of isoenergetic intake of three or nine meals on plasma lipoproteins and glucose metabolism. Am J Clin Nutr. 57: 446451.
  • 27
    Chapelot, D., Louis-Sylvestre, J. (2002) Relevance of energy expenditure and energy intake to the etiology of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 76: 489
  • 28
    Locard, E., Mamelle, N., Billette, A., Migniac, M., Munoz, F., Rey, S. (1992) Risk factors of obesity in a five year old population: parental versus environmental factors. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 16: 721729.
  • 29
    Wildey, M. B., Pampalone, S. Z., Pelletier, R. L., Zive, M. M., Elder, J. P., Sallis, JF. (2000) Fat and sugar level are high in snacks purchased from student stores in middle school. J Am Diet Assoc. 100: 319322.
  • 30
    Zizza, C., Siega-Riz, A. M., Popkin, BM. (2001) Significant increase in young adults’ snacking between 1977–1978 and 1994– 1996 represents a cause for concern!. Prev Med. 32: 303310.
  • 31
    Nicklas, T. A., Baranowski, T., Cullen, K. W., Berenson, G. (2001) Eating patterns, dietary quality and obesity. J Am Coll Nutr. 20: 566608.
  • 32
    Birch, L. L., Davison, KK. (2001) Family environmental factors influencing the developing behavioral controls of food intake and childhood overweight. Pediat Clin North Am. 48: 893907.
  • 33
    van Rossum, C. T., Hoebee, B., Seidell, J. C., et al (2002) Genetic factors as predictors of weight gain in young adult Dutch men and women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 26: 517528.
  • 34
    Phillips, S. M., Bandini, L. G., Naumova, E. N., et al (2004) Energy-dense snack food intake in adolescence: longitudinal relationship to weight and fatness. Obes Res. 12: 461472.
  • 35
    Marmonier, C., Chapelot, D., Louis-Sylvestre, J. (1999) Metabolic and behavioral consequences of a snack consumed in a satiety state. Am J Clin Nutr. 70: 854866.
  • 36
    Marmonier, C., Chapelot, D., Louis-Sylvestre, J. (2000) Effects of macronutrient content and energy density of snacks consumed in a satiety state on the onset of the next meal. Appetite 34: 137144.
  • 37
    Marmonier, C., Chapelot, D., Louis-Sylvestre, J. (2002) Snacks consumed in a no-hunger state have poor satiating efficiency: influence of snack composition on substrate utilization and hunger. Am J Clin Nutr. 76: 518528.
  • 38
    Chapelot, D., Marmonier, C., Aubert, R., Gausseres, N., Louis-Sylvestre, J. (2004) A role for glucose and insulin preprandial profiles to differentiate meals and snacks. Physiol Behav. 80: 721731.
  • 39
    Campfield, L. A., Smith, FJ. (2003) Blood glucose dynamics and control of meal initiation: a pattern detection and recognition theory. Physiol Rev. 83: 2558.
  • 40
    Bellisle, F., Rolland-Cachera, M. F., Kellogg Scientific Advisory Committee “Child and Nutrition” (2000) Three consecutive (1993, 1995, 1997) surveys of food intake, nutritional attitudes and knowledge, and lifestyle in 1000 French children, aged 9–11 years. J Hum Nutr Diet 13: 101111.
  • 41
    Volatier, JL. (2000) Enquête INCA Individuelle et Nationale sur les Consommations Alimentaires (National and Individual Survey on Eating Consumptions) Ed Lavoisier, Coll Tec & Doc, Paris Paris, France.
  • 42
    Preziosi, P., Galan, P., Valeix, B., et al (1999) Contribution nutritionnelle du goûter chez les sujets adultes de la cohorte SU-VI-MAX (Nutritional contribution of the goûter in adult subjects of the SU-VI-MAX cohort). Cah Nutr Diet 34: S31S36.
  • 43
    Licinio, J., Mantzoros, C., Negrao, A. B., et al (1997) Human leptin levels are pulsatile and inversely related to pituitary-adrenal function. Nat Med. 3: 575579.
  • 44
    Stunkard, A. J., Messick, S. (1985) The three-factor eating questionnaire to measure dietary restraint, disinhibition, and hunger. J Psychosom Res. 29: 7183.
  • 45
    Chabert, M., Verger, P., Louis-Sylvestre, J. (1989) A method for long-term and accurate measurement and recording of the blood glucose level in man. Physiol Behav. 49: 827830.
  • 46
    Santangelo, A., Peracchi, M., Conte, D., Fraquelli, M., Porrini, M. (1998) Physical state of meal affects gastric emptying, cholecystokinin release and satiety. Br J Nutr. 80: 521527.
  • 47
    Carbonnel, F., Lemann, M., Rambaud, J. C., Mundler, O., Jian, R. (1994) Effect of the energy density of a solid-liquid meal on gastric emptying and satiety. Am J Clin Nutr. 60: 307311.
  • 48
    Pritchard, J. E., Nowson, C. A., Strauss, B. J., Carlson, J. S., Kaymakci, B., Wark, JD. (1993) Evaluation of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry as a method of measurement of body fat. Eur J Clin Nutr. 47: 216228.
  • 49
    Flatt, J. P., Ravussin, E., Acheson, K. J., Jequier, E. (1985) Effects of dietary fat on postprandial substrate oxidation and on carbohydrate and fat balances. J Clin Invest. 76: 10191024.
  • 50
    Griffiths, A. J., Humphreys, S. M., Clark, M. L., Fielding, B. A., Frayn, KN. (1994) Immediate metabolic availability of dietary fat in combination with carbohydrate. Am J Clin Nutr. 59: 5359.
  • 51
    Cummings, D. E., Frayo, R. S., Marmonier, C., Aubert, R., Chapelot, D. (2004) Plasma ghrelin levels and hunger scores in humans initiating meals voluntarily without time- and food-related cues. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 287: E297E304.
  • 52
    Chapelot, D., Aubert, R., Marmonier, C., Chabert, M., Louis-Sylvestre, J. (2000) An endocrine and metabolic definition of the intermeal interval in humans: evidence for a role of leptin on the prandial pattern through fatty acid disposal. Am J Clin Nutr. 72: 421431.
  • 53
    Matthews, J. N. S., Altman, D. G., Campbell, M. J., Royston, P. (1990) The analysis of serial measurements in medical research. Br Med J. 300: 230235.
  • 54
    Kovacs, E. M., Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S., Saris, W. H., et al (2002) Associations between spontaneous meal initiations and blood glucose dynamics in overweight men in negative energy balance. Br J Nutr. 87: 3945.
  • 55
    Potteiger, J. A., Jacobsen, D. J., Donnely, JE. (2002) A comparison of methods for analyzing glucose and insulin areas under the curve following nine months of exercise in overweight adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 26: 8789.
  • 56
    Westerterp-Plantenga, MS. (2004) Fat intake and energy-balance effects. Physiol Behav. 30: 57958583.
  • 57
    Verboeket-van de Venne, W. P., Westerterp, K. R., Kester, AD. (1993) Effect of the pattern of food intake on human energy metabolism. Br J Nutr. 70: 103115.
  • 58
    Bellisle, F., McDevitt, R., Prentice, AM. (1997) Meal frequency and energy balance. Br J Nutr. 77: (Suppl 1), S57S70.
  • 59
    Chapelot, D., Marmonier, C., Thomas, F., Hanotin, C. (2000) Modalities of the food intake-reducing effect of sibutramine in humans. Physiol Behav. 68: 299308.
  • 60
    Jenkins, D. J., Wolever, T. M., Vuksan, V., et al (1985) Nibbling versus gorging: metabolic advantages of increased meal frequency. N Engl J Med. 321: 929934.
  • 61
    Rashidi, M. R., Mahboob, S., Sattarivand, R. (2003) Effects of nibbling and gorging on lipid profiles, blood glucose and insulin levels in healthy subjects. Saudi Med J. 24: 945948.
  • 62
    Kanarek, RB. (1992) Factors influencing fat consumption in diet selection studies. Mela, DJ eds. Dietary Fats: Determinants of Preference, Selection and Consumption 139165. Elsevier Applied Science Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • 63
    Taylor, M. A., Garrow, JS. (2001) Compared with nibbling, neither gorging nor a morning fast affect short-term energy balance in obese patients in a chamber calorimeter. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 25: 519528.
  • 64
    el Ati, J., Beji, C., Danguir, J. (1995) Increased fat oxidation during Ramadan fasting in healthy women: an adaptive mechanism for body-weight maintenance. Am J Clin Nutr. 62: 302307.
  • 65
    Astrup, A. (2001) The role of dietary fat in the prevention and treatment of obesity: efficacy and safety of low-fat diets. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 25: (Suppl 1), S46S50.
  • 66
    Willett, WC. (2002) Dietary fat plays a major role in obesity: no. Obes Rev. 3: 5968.
  • 67
    Murphy, M. C., Chapman, C., Lovegrove, J. A., et al (1996) Meal frequency; does it determine postprandial lipaemia? Eur J Clin Nutr. 50: 491497.
  • 68
    Le Magnen, J., Julien, N. (1999) Experimental analysis of an anticipatory appetite (first published in France in 1959). Appetite 33: 4042.
  • 69
    Fernandez-Real, J. M., Vayreda, M., Casamitjana, R., Gonzalez-Huix, F., Ricart, W. (2000) The fat-free mass compartment influences serum leptin in men. Eur J Endocrinol. 142: 2529.
  • 70
    Romon, M., Lebel, P., Velly, C., Marecaux, N., Fruchart, J. C., Dallongeville, J. (1999) Leptin response to carbohydrate or fat meal and association with subsequent satiety and energy intake. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 277: E855E861.
  • 71
    Raben, A., Astrup, A. (2000) Leptin is influenced both by predisposition to obesity and diet composition. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 24: 450459.
  • 72
    Koutsari, C., Karpe, F., Humphreys, S. M., Frayn, K. N., Hardman, AE. (2003) Plasma leptin is influenced by diet composition and exercise. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 27: 901906.
  • 73
    Lean, M. E., James, WP. (1988) Metabolic effects of isoenergetic nutrient exchange over 24 hours in relation to obesity in women. Int J Obes. 12: 1527.
  • 74
    Astrup, A., Buemann, B., Western, P., Toubro, S., Raben, A., Christensen, NJ. (1994) Obesity as an adaptation to a high-fat diet: evidence from a cross-sectional study. Am J Clin Nutr. 59: 350355.