SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    English, P. J., Ghatei, M. A., Malik, I. A., Bloom, S. R., Wilding, JP. (2002) Food fails to suppress ghrelin levels in obese humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 87: 29842987.
  • 2
    Fruhbeck, G., Gomez-Ambrosi, J., Muruzabal, F. J., Burrell, MA. (2001) The adipocyte: a model for integration of endocrine and metabolic signaling in energy metabolism regulation. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 280: E827E847.
  • 3
    Diamond, M. P., Jones, T., Caprio, S., et al (1993) Gender influences counterregulatory hormone responses to hypoglycemia. Metabolism. 42: 15681572.
  • 4
    Flint, A., Raben, A., Ersboll, A. K., Holst, J. J., Astrup, A. (2001) The effect of physiological levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 on appetite, gastric emptying, energy and substrate metabolism in obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 25: 781792.
  • 5
    Ranganath, L. R., Beety, J. M., Morgan, L. M., Wright, J. W., Howland, R., Marks, V. (1996) Attenuated GLP-1 secretion in obesity: cause of consequence? Gut. 38: 916919.
  • 6
    Greenman, Y., Golani, N., Gilad, S., Yaron, M., Limor, R., Stern, N. (2004) Ghrelin secretion is modulated in a nutrient- and gender-specific manner. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 60: 382388.
  • 7
    Shiiya, T., Nakazato, M., Mizuta, M., et al (2002) Plasma ghrelin levels in lean and obese humans and the effect of glucose on ghrelin secretion. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 87: 240244.
  • 8
    de Graaf, C., Blom, W. A., Smeets, P. A., Stafleu, A., Hendriks, HF. (2004) Biomarkers of satiation and satiety. Am J Clin Nutr. 79: 946961.
  • 9
    Heijboer, A. C., Pijl, H., Van den Hoek, A. M., Havekes, L. M., Romijn, J. A., Corssmit, EP. (2006) Gut-brain axis: regulation of glucose metabolism. J Neuroendocrinol. 18: 883894.
  • 10
    Porcellati, F., Pampanelli, S., Rossetti, P., et al (2003) Counterregulatory hormone and symptom responses to insulin-induced hypoglycemia in the postprandial state in humans. Diabetes. 52: 27742783.
  • 11
    Vella, A., Service, F. J., O'Brien, PC. (2003) Glucose counterregulatory hormones in the 72-hour fast. Endocr Pract. 9: 115118.
  • 12
    Davis, S. N., Shavers, C., Costa, F. (2000) Differential gender responses to hypoglycemia are due to alterations in CNS drive and not glycemic thresholds. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 279: E1054E1063.
  • 13
    Davis, S. N., Cherrington, A. D., Goldstein, R. E., Jacobs, J., Price, L. (1993) Effects of insulin on the counterregulatory response to equivalent hypoglycemia in normal females. Am J Physiol. 265: E680E689.
  • 14
    Fanelli, C., Pampanelli, S., Epifano, L., et al (1994) Relative roles of insulin and hypoglycaemia on induction of neuroendocrine responses to, symptoms of, and deterioration of cognitive function in hypoglycaemia in male and female humans. Diabetologia. 37: 797807.
  • 15
    Falassetti, P., Tate, D., Neill, R. A., Morrey, S., Davis, SN. (2002) Effect of gender on counterregulatory responses to euglycemic exercise in type 1 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 87: 51445150.
  • 16
    Amiel, S. A., Maran, A., Powrie, J. K., Umpleby, A. M., Macdonald, IA. (1993) Gender differences in counterregulation to hypoglycaemia. Diabetologia. 36: 460464.
  • 17
    Karlsson, S., Scheurink, A. J., Ahren, B. (2002) Gender difference in the glucagon response to glucopenic stress in mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 282: R281R288.
  • 18
    Saad, M. F., Damani, S., Gingerich, R. L., et al (1997) Sexual dimorphism in plasma leptin concentration. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 82: 579584.
  • 19
    Cummings, D. E., Purnell, J. Q., Frayo, R. S., Schmidova, K., Wisse, B. E., Beigle, DS. (2001) A preprandial rise in plasma ghrelin levels suggests a role in meal initiation in humans. Diabetes. 50: 17141719.
  • 20
    Havel, P. J., Townsend, R., Chaump, L., Teff, K. (1999) High-fat meals reduce 24-h circulating leptin concentrations in women. Diabetes. 48: 334341.
  • 21
    Kim, B. J., Carlson, O. D., Jang, H. J., Elahi, D., Berry, C., Egan, JM. (2005) Peptide YY is secreted after oral glucose administration in a gender-specific manner. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 90: 66656671.
  • 22
    Adam, T. C., Westerterp-Plantenga, MS. (2005) Nutrient-stimulated GLP-1 release in normal-weight men and women. Horm Metab Res. 37: 111117.
  • 23
    Vaag, A. A., Holst, J. J., Volund, A., Beck-Nielsen, HB. (1996) Gut incretin hormones in identical twins discordant for non-insulindependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): evidence for decreased glucagon-like peptide 1 secretion during oral glucose ingestion in NIDDM twins. Eur J Endocrinol. 135: 425432.
  • 24
    MacDonald, P. E., El Kholy, W., Riedel, M. J., Salapatek, A. M., Light, P. E., Wheeler, MB. (2002) The multiple actions of GLP-1 on the process of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Diabetes. 51 (Suppl 3): S434S442.
  • 25
    Adam, T. C., Westerterp-Plantenga, MS. (2004) Activity-induced GLP-1 release in lean and obese subjects. Physiol Behav. 83: 459466.
  • 26
    Adam, T. C., Westerterp-Plantenga, MS. (2005) Glucagon-like peptide-1 release and satiety after a nutrient challenge in normal-weight and obese subjects. Br J Nutr. 93: 845851.
  • 27
    Purnell, J. Q., Weigle, D. S., Breen, P., Cummings, DE. (2003) Ghrelin levels correlate with insulin levels, insulin resistance, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, but not with gender, menopausal status, or cortisol levels in humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 88: 57475752.
  • 28
    Cummings, D. E., Frayo, R. S., Marmonier, C., Aubert, R., Chapelot, D. (2004) Plasma ghrelin levels and hunger scores in humans initiating meals voluntarily without time- and food-related cues. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 287: E297E304.
  • 29
    Cummings, D. E., Weigle, D. S., Frayo, R. S., et al (2002) Plasma ghrelin levels after diet-induced weight loss or gastric bypass surgery. N Engl J Med. 346: 16231630.
  • 30
    McLaughlin, T., Abbasi, F., Lamendola, C., Frayo, R. S., Cummings, DE. (2004) Plasma ghrelin concentrations are decreased in insulin-resistance obese adults relative to equally obese insulin-sensitive controls. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 89: 16301635.
  • 31
    Erdmann, J., Topsch, R., Lippl, F., Gussmann, P., Schusdziarra, V. (2004) Postprandial response of plasma ghrelin levels to various test meals in relations to food intake, plasma insulin, and glucose. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 89: 30483054.
  • 32
    Caixas, A., Bashore, C., Nash, W., Pi-Sunyer, F., Laferrere, B. (2002) Insulin, unlike foot intake, does not suppress ghrelin in human subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 87: 19021906.
  • 33
    Callahan, H. S., Cummings, D. E., Pepe, M. S., Breen, P. A., Matthys, C. C., Weigle, DS. (2004) Postprandial suppression of plasma ghrelin level is proportional to ingested caloric load but does not predict intermeal interval in humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 89: 13191324.