SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Kahn, R., Buse, J., Ferrannini, E., Stern, M. (2005) The metabolic syndrome: time for a critical appraisal: joint statement from the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Diabetes Care 28: 22892304.
  • 2
    American Heart Association (2005) Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics: 2005 Update American Heart Association Dallas, TX.
  • 3
    Ford, ES. (2005) Risks for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes associated with the metabolic syndrome: a summary of the evidence. Diabetes Care 28: 17691778.
  • 4
    Greenlund, K. J., Zheng, Z. J., Keenan, N. L., et al. (2004) Trends in self-reported multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors among adults in the United States, 1991–1999. Arch Intern Med. 164: 181188.
  • 5
    Bonow, R. O., Smaha, L. A., Smith, S. C., Jr Mensah, G. A., Lenfant, C. (2002) World Heart Day 2002: the international burden of cardiovascular disease: responding to the emerging global epidemic. Circulation 106: 16021605.
  • 6
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005) Preventing Heart Disease and Stroke: Addressing the Nation's Leading Killers 2005 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Washington, DC.
  • 7
    Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality PUF Documentation Files: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) http:www.meps.ahrq.govPUFFilesH60H60doc.htm (Accessed April 28, 2006).
  • 8
    Elixhauser, A., Andrews, R. M., Fox, S. (1993) Clinical Classifications for Health Policy Research: Discharge Statistics by Principal Diagnosis and Procedure: AHCPR Publication No. 93-0043 Agency for Health Policy and Research Rockville, MD.
  • 9
    Sullivan, P. W., Ghushchyan, V., Wyatt, H. R., Wu, E. Q., Hill, JO. (2007) Impact of cardiometabolic risk factor clusters on health-related quality of life in the U.S. Obesity 15: 511521.
  • 10
    Manning, W. G., Newhouse, J. P., Duan, N., Keeler, E. B., Leibowitz, A., Marquis, MS. (1987) Health insurance and the demand for medical care: evidence from a randomized experiment. Am Econ Rev. 77: 251277.
  • 11
    Duan, N. (1983) Smearing estimate: a nonparametric retransformation method. J Am Stat Assoc. 78: 605610.
  • 12
    Manning, WG. (1998) The logged dependent variable, heteroscedasticity, and the retransformation problem. J Health Econ. 17: 283295.
  • 13
    Mullahy, J. (1998) Much ado about two: reconsidering retransformation and the two-part model in health econometrics. J Health Econ. 17: 247281.
  • 14
    Heckman, JJ. (1979) Sample selection bias as a specification error. Econometrica 47: 153161.
  • 15
    Bureau of Labor Statistics U.S. Series I.D.# CUUR0000SAM2, Medical Care Services http:data.bls.govcgi-binsurveymost (Accessed January 23, 2006).
  • 16
    Ezzati, M., Hoorn, S. V., Rodgers, A., Lopez, A. D., Mathers, C. D., Murray, CJ. (2003) Estimates of global and regional potential health gains from reducing multiple major risk factors. Lancet 362: 271280.
  • 17
    Hodgson, T. A., Cohen, AJ. (1999) Medical care expenditures for diabetes, its chronic complications, and its comorbidities. Prev Med. 29: 173186.
  • 18
    Hogan, P., Dall, T., Nikolov, P. (2003) Economic costs of diabetes in the US in 2002. Diabetes Care 26: 917932.
  • 19
    Hodgson, T. A., Cai, L. (2001) Medical care expenditures for hypertension, its complications, and its comorbidities. Med Care 39: 599615.
  • 20
    Druss, B. G., Marcus, S. C., Olfson, M., Tanielian, T., Elinson, L., Pincus, HA. (2001) Comparing the national economic burden of five chronic conditions. Health Aff (Millwood) (Suppl) 20: 233241.
  • 21
    Finkelstein, E. A., Fiebelkorn, I. C., Wang, G. (2003) National medical spending attributable to overweight and obesity: how much, and whO's paying? Health Aff (Millwood) W3 21926.
  • 22
    Oldridge, N. B., Stump, T. E., Nothwehr, F. K., Clark, DO. (2001) Prevalence and outcomes of comorbid metabolic and cardiovascular conditions in middle- and older-age adults. J Clin Epidemiol. 54: 928934.
  • 23
    Harris, M. I., Flegal, K. M., Cowie, C. C., et al. (1998) Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U.S. adults. Diabetes Care 21: 518524.
  • 24
    Mokdad, A. H., Ford, E. S., Bowman, B. A., et al. (2003) Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 289: 7679.
  • 25
    Engelgau, M. M., Geiss, L. S., Saaddine, J. B., et al. (2004) The evolving diabetes burden in the United States. Ann Intern Med. 140: 945950.
  • 26
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Healthy People 2010 Progress Review: Physical Activity and Fitness http:www.healthypeople.govdata2010progfocus22 (Accessed April 28, 2006).
  • 27
    Edwards, D. S., Winn, D. M., Kuriantzik, V. (1994) Evaluation of the National Health Interview Survey Diagnostic Reporting 1 National Center for Health Statistics Hyattsville, MD.
  • 28
    Berkanovic, E., Telesky, C. (1985) Mexican-American, black-American and white-American differences in reporting illnesses, disability and physician visits for illnesses. Soc Sci Med. 20: 567577.
  • 29
    Stewart, A. L., Napoles-Springer, A. (2000) Health-related quality-of-life assessments in diverse population groups in the United States. Med Care 38: II102II124. (suppl).
  • 30
    Johnson, T. P., O'Rourke, D., Chavez, N., Sudman, S. (1996) Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions Warnecke, RB eds.. Health Survey Research Methods 5762. National Center for Health Statistics Hyattsville, MD.
  • 31
    Palta, M., Prineas, R. J., Berman, R., Hannan, P. (1982) Comparison of self-reported and measured height and weight. Am J Epidemiol. 115: 223230.
  • 32
    Rowland, ML. (1990) Self-reported weight and height. Am J Clin Nutr. 52: 11251133.
  • 33
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002) National Diabetes Fact Sheet: General Information and National Estimates on Diabetes in the United States, 2000 Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA.
  • 34
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005) National Diabetes Fact Sheet: General Information and National Estimates on Diabetes in the United States, 2005 Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA.
  • 35
    Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., McDowell, M. A., Tabak, C. J., Flegal, KM. (2006) Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999–2004. JAMA 295: 15491555.
  • 36
    Winkleby, M. A., Fortmann, S. P., Rockhill, B. (1993) Health-related risk factors in a sample of Hispanics and whites matched on sociodemographic characteristics: The Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 137: 13651375.
  • 37
    Gaskill, S. P., Allen, C. R., Garza, V., Gonzales, J. L., Waldrop, RH. (1981) Cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican Americans in Laredo, Texas: I. Prevalence of overweight and diabetes and distributions of serum lipids. Am J Epidemiol. 113: 546555.
  • 38
    Flegal, K. M., Ezzati, T. M., Harris, M. I., et al. (1991) Prevalence of diabetes in Mexican Americans, Cubans, and Puerto Ricans from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1982–1984. Diabetes Care 14: 628638.
  • 39
    Gardner, L. I. Jr, Stern, M. P., Haffner, S. M., et al. (1984) Prevalence of diabetes in Mexican Americans: relationship to percent of gene pool derived from native American sources. Diabetes 33: 8692.
  • 40
    Stern, M. P., Gaskill, S. P., Hazuda, H. P., Gardner, L. I., Haffner, SM. (1983) Does obesity explain excess prevalence of diabetes among Mexican Americans? Results of the San Antonio Heart Study. Diabetologia 24: 272277.