Objective: Collagenous repeat containing sequence of 26-kDa protein (CORS-26) was identified as a new gene transcript expressed in cartilage with unknown function. It was the aim of this study to investigate expression, regulation, and function of CORS-26 in adipocytes.
Research Methods and Procedures: CORS-26 mRNA and protein expression was studied by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot analysis, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Transcriptional regulation was studied by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and luciferase reporter gene assay. The adipocytic secretion of adiponectin and resistin was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Results: CORS-26 mRNA is absent in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and adipocytes after 48 hours of differentiation. CORS-26 mRNA was induced from Day 4 to Day 9 of adipocyte differentiation. CORS-26 protein was induced in mature adipocytes. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ (but not PPARα) in nuclear extracts prepared from adipocytes was shown to bind specifically to a putative peroxisome proliferator response element-one-half-site located at −641/−596 bp. Increasing doses of the ligands troglitazone (1, 10, 20 μM) and fenofibrate (50, 100, 200 μM) but not 15-deoxy-prostaglandin (J2) (0.5, 1.0, 2.5 μM) resulted in a significant reduction of both promoter activity and the amount of mRNA expression. Recombinant CORS-26 significantly stimulated the adipocytic secretion of adiponectin and resistin in a dose-dependent manner.
Discussion: The mRNA and protein expression profile puts CORS-26 in the adipocytokine family. Cartonectin is negatively regulated by exogenous, but not endogenous, PPARγ ligands. Because CORS-26 up-regulates adipokine secretion, it might be involved in metabolic and immunologic pathways.