• 1
    Despres, JP (1993) Abdominal obesity as important component of insulin-resistance syndrome. Nutrition 9: 452459.
  • 2
    Pascot, A., Lemieux, S., Lemieux, I., et al (1999) Age-related increase in visceral adipose tissue and body fat and the metabolic risk profile of premenopausal women. Diabetes Care 22: 14711478.
  • 3
    Goodpaster, B. H., Krishnaswami, S., Resnick, H., et al (2003) Association between regional adipose tissue distribution and both type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in elderly men and women. Diabetes Care 26: 372379.
  • 4
    Goodpaster, B. H., Krishnaswami, S., Harris, T. B., et al (2005) Obesity, regional body fat distribution, and the metabolic syndrome in older men and women. Arch Intern Med. 165: 777783.
  • 5
    Johnson, K. T., Harmsen, W. S., Limburg, P. J., Carston, M. J., Johnson, CD (2006) Visceral fat analysis at CT colonography. Acad Radiol. 13: 963968.
  • 6
    Despres, JP (1994) Dyslipidaemia and obesity. Baillieres Clin Endocrinol Metab. 8: 629660.
  • 7
    Clasey, J. L., Bouchard, C., Wideman, L., et al (1997) The influence of anatomical boundaries, age, and sex on the assessment of abdominal visceral fat. Obes Res. 5: 395401.
  • 8
    Wajchenberg, BL (2000) Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue: their relation to the metabolic syndrome. Endocr Rev. 21: 697738.
  • 9
    Björntorp, P. (1990) “Portal” adipose tissue as a generator of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Arteriosclerosis 10: 493496.
  • 10
    Carr, D. B., Utzschneider, K. M., Hull, R. L., et al (2004) Intra-abdominal fat is a major determinant of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes 53: 20872094.
  • 11
    Wagenknecht, L. E., Langefeld, C. D., Scherzinger, A. L., et al (2003) Insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion, and abdominal fat: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS) Family Study. Diabetes 52: 24902496.
  • 12
    Weltman, A., Despres, J. P., Clasey, J. L., et al (2003) Impact of abdominal visceral fat, growth hormone, fitness, and insulin on lipids and lipoproteins in older adults. Metabolism 52: 7380.
  • 13
    Bray, GA (2004) Medical consequences of obesity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 89: 25832589.
  • 14
    Potretzke, A. M., Schmitz, K. H., Jensen, MD (2004) Preventing overestimation of pixels in computed tomography assessment of visceral fat. Obes Res. 12: 16981701.
  • 15
    Kvist, H., Chowdhury, B., Grangard, U., Tylen, U., Sjöström, L. (1988) Total and visceral adipose-tissue volumes derived from measurements with computed tomography in adult men and women: predictive equations. Am J Clin Nutr. 48: 13511361.
  • 16
    Mitsiopoulos, N., Baumgartner, R. N., Heymsfield, S. B., Lyons, W., Gallagher, D., Ross, R. (1998) Cadaver validation of skeletal muscle measurement by magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography. J Appl Physiol. 85: 115122.
  • 17
    Nelson, M., Fitarone, M. A., Layne, J. E., et al (1996) Analysis of body-composition techniques and models for detecting change in soft tissue with strength training. Am J Clin Nutr. 63: 678686.
  • 18
    Lemieux, S., Lesage, M., Bergeron, J., Prud'Homme, D., Despres, JP (1999) Comparison of two techniques for measurement of visceral adipose tissue cross-sectional areas by computed tomography. Am J Human Biol. 11: 6168.
  • 19
    Altman, D. G., Bland, JM (1983) Measurement in medicine: the analysis of method comparison. Statistician 32: 307317.
  • 20
    Elbers, J. M., Haumann, G., Asscheman, H., Seidell, J. C., Gooren, LJ (1997) Reproducibility of fat area measurements in young, non-obese subjects by computerized analysis of magnetic resonance images. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 21: 11211129.
  • 21
    Irwin, M. L., Yasui, Y., Ulrich, C. M., et al (2003) Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 289: 323330.
  • 22
    Schwartz, R. S., Shuman, W. P., Larson, V., et al (1991) The effect of intensive endurance exercise training on body fat distribution in young and older men. Metabolism 40: 545551.
  • 23
    Janssen, I., Fortier, A., Hudson, R., Ross, R. (2002) Effects of an energy-restrictive diet with or without exercise on abdominal fat, intermuscular fat, and metabolic risk factors in obese women. Diabetes Care 25: 431438.
  • 24
    Ross, R., Dagnone, D., Jones, P. J., et al (2000) Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men. A randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 133: 92103.