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There is evidence that androgens are regulators of insulin resistance (IR), and may be involved in the regulation of resistin, a cytokine that has been related with IR. Earlier studies found that androgen receptor length polymorphisms CAGn and GGNn and the aromatase polymorphism TTTAn may influence receptor or enzyme activity and serum concentrations of androgens. This study was designed to determine whether polymorphism length was related to serum resistin concentration and to other variables related with IR. In 1,580 persons chosen randomly from the general population of the Canary Islands (Spain), we measured polymorphism length, waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, BMI, and serum glucose concentration. In smaller subgroups, we also measured C-peptide (n = 677), resistin (n = 583), and leptin concentration (n = 754) and estimated IR (homeostasis model assessment-IR (HOMA2-IR)). In men, polymorphism length correlated with resistin concentration (CAGn, r = 0.13, P = 0.031; TTTAn, r = 0.15, P = 0.005; GGNn, r = −0.15, P = 0.026), and the correlations were confirmed in multivariate regression models. The length of CAGn and TTTAn correlated inversely with C-peptide (r = −0.13, P = 0.016 and r = −0.21, P < 0.001, respectively) and with estimated IR (r = −0.12, P = 0.032 and r = −0.19, P = 0.001, respectively). In men, length of the CAGn, GGNn, and TTTAn was associated with serum resistin concentration. These results support the hypothesis that androgens may be involved in the regulation of resistin. Resistin may be a link between IR and androgens.