SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Hedley AA, Ogden CL, Johnson CL et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children, adolescents, and adults, 1999–2002. JAMA 2004; 291: 28472850.
  • 2
    Kopelman PG. Obesity as a medical problem. Nature 2000; 404: 635643.
  • 3
    Simon GE, Von Korff M., Saunders K. et al. Association between obesity and psychiatric disorders in the US adult population. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2006; 63: 824830.
  • 4
    Brownell KD, Puhl R., Schwartz MB, Rudd R. (eds). Weight Bias: Nature, Consequences, and Remedies. Guilford Publications: New York, 2005.
  • 5
    Allport GW The Nature of Prejudice. Addison-Wesley: Cambridge, MA, 1954.
  • 6
    Andreyeva T., Puhl RM, Brownell KD. Changes in perceived weight discrimination among Americans, 1995–1996 through 2004–2006. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2008; 16: 11291134.
  • 7
    Carr D., Friedman MA. Is obesity stigmatizing? Body weight, perceived discrimination, and psychological well-being in the United States. J Health Soc Behav 2005; 46: 244259.
  • 8
    Puhl RM, Andreyeva T., Brownell KD. Perceptions of weight discrimination: prevalence and comparison to race and gender discrimination in America. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008; 32: 9921000.
  • 9
    Roehling MV, Roehling PV, Pichler S.. The relationship between body weight and perceived weight-related employment discrimination: the role of sex and race. J Vocat Behav 2007; 71: 300318.
  • 10
    Ashmore JA, Friedman KE, Reichmann SK, Musante GJ. Weight-based stigmatization, psychological distress, & binge eating behavior among obese treatment-seeking adults. Eat Behav 2008; 9: 203209.
  • 11
    Friedman KE, Reichmann SK, Costanzo PR et al. Weight stigmatization and ideological beliefs: relation to psychological functioning in obese adults. Obes Res 2005; 13: 907916.
  • 12
    Myers A., Rosen JC. Obesity stigmatization and coping: relation to mental health symptoms, body image, and self-esteem. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1999; 23: 221230.
  • 13
    Kessler RC, Mickelson KD, Williams DR. The prevalence, distribution, and mental health correlates of perceived discrimination in the United States. J Health Soc Behav 1999; 40: 208230.
  • 14
    Meyer IH. Prejudice as stress: conceptual and measurement issues. Am J Public Health 2003; 93: 262265.
  • 15
    Cohen S., Wills TA. Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychol Bull 1985; 98: 310357.
  • 16
    Kawachi I., Berkman LF. Social ties and mental health. J Urban Health 2001; 78: 458467.
  • 17
    Grant BF, Goldstein RB, Chou SP et al. Sociodemographic and psychopathologic predictors of first incidence of DSM-IV substance use, mood and anxiety disorders: results from the Wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Mol Psychiatry 2008.
  • 18
    WHO Consultation on Obesity. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland, 2000. WHO Technical Report Series 894.
  • 19
    Krieger N., Smith K., Naishadham D., Hartman C., Barbeau EM. Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health. Soc Sci Med 2005; 61: 15761596.
  • 20
    Ruan WJ, Goldstein RB, Chou SP et al. The alcohol use disorder and associated disabilities interview schedule-IV (AUDADIS-IV): reliability of new psychiatric diagnostic modules and risk factors in a general population sample. Drug Alcohol Depend 2008; 92: 2736.
  • 21
    American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC, 1994.
  • 22
    Grant BF, Dawson DA, Hasin, DS The Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV Version. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: Bethesda, MD, 2001.
  • 23
    Grant BF, Dawson DA, Stinson FS et al. The Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV (AUDADIS-IV): reliability of alcohol consumption, tobacco use, family history of depression and psychiatric diagnostic modules in a general population sample. Drug Alcohol Depend 2003; 71: 716.
  • 24
    Canino G., Bravo M., Ramírez R. et al. The Spanish Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS): reliability and concordance with clinical diagnoses in a Hispanic population. J Stud Alcohol 1999; 60: 790799.
  • 25
    Grant BF, Stinson FS, Dawson DA et al. Prevalence and co-occurrence of substance use disorders and independent mood and anxiety disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2004; 61: 807816.
  • 26
    Hasin D., Hatzenbuehler ML, Keyes K., Ogburn E.. Substance use disorders: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) and International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10). Addiction 2006; 101 (Suppl 1): 5975.
  • 27
    Cohen S., Williamson G. Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In: Spaceapam S., Oskamp S. (eds). The Social Psychology of Health: Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology. Sage: Newbury Park, NJ, 1988, pp 3167.
  • 28
    Cohen S., Mermelstein R., Kamarck T., Hoberman HM Measuring the functional components of social support. In: Sarason IG, Sarason BR (eds). Social Support: Theory, Research and Practice. Sage: Newbury Park, NJ, 1985, pp 7394.
  • 29
    Janssen I., Craig WM, Boyce WF, Pickett W.. Associations between overweight and obesity with bullying behaviors in school-aged children. Pediatrics 2004; 113: 11871194.
  • 30
    Hebl MR, Heatherton TF. The stigma of obesity in women: the difference is black and white. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 1998; 24: 417426.
  • 31
    Annis NM, Cash TF, Hrabosky JI. Body image and psychosocial differences among stable average weight, currently overweight, and formerly overweight women: the role of stigmatizing experiences. Body Image 2004; 1: 155167.
  • 32
    Puhl RM, Moss-Racusin CA, Schwartz MB. Internalization of weight bias: Implications for binge eating and emotional well-being. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007; 15: 1923.
  • 33
    Monroe SM. Modern approaches to conceptualizing and measuring human life stress. Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2008; 4: 3352.
  • 34
    Burton E., Stice E., Seeley JR. A prospective test of the stress-buffering model of depression in adolescent girls: no support once again. J Consult Clin Psychol 2004; 72: 689697.
  • 35
    Monroe SM, Imhoff DF, Wise BD, Harris JE. Prediction of psychological symptoms under high-risk psychosocial circumstances: life events, social support, and symptom specificity. J Abnorm Psychol 1983; 92: 338350.
  • 36
    Rowland ML. Self-reported weight and height. Am J Clin Nutr 1990; 52: 11251133.
  • 37
    Stunkard AJ, Albaum JM. The accuracy of self-reported weights. Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34: 15931599.
  • 38
    Link BG, Struening EL, Rahav M., Phelan JC, Nuttbrock L.. On stigma and its consequences: evidence from a longitudinal study of men with dual diagnoses of mental illness and substance abuse. J Health Soc Behav 1997; 38: 177190.