ABBREVIATIONS


AACE = American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists

ACS = American College of Surgeons

ASMBS = American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery

BEL = “best evidence” rating level

BMD = bone mineral density

BMI = body mass index

BPD = biliopancreatic diversion

BPD/DS = biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch

CAD = coronary artery disease

CK = creatine kinase

CPAP = continuous positive airway pressure

CPG = clinical practice guidelines

CSF = cerebrospinal fluid

CT = computed tomography

DVT = deep venous thrombosis

EBW = excess body weight

EFA = essential fatty acids

EL = evidence level

FA = fatty acids

GERD = gastroesophageal reflux disease

GLP-1 = glucagon-like peptide-1

HDL = high-density lipoprotein

ICU = intensive care unit

LAGB = laparoscopic adjustable gastric band

LDL = low-density lipoprotein

MI = myocardial infarction

NAFLD = nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

NIH = National Institutes of Health

1,25-(OH)2D = 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D

25-OHD = 25-hydroxyvitamin D

OHS = obesity-hypoventilation syndrome

OSA = obstructive sleep apnea

PCOS = polycystic ovary syndrome

PE = pulmonary embolus

PN = parenteral nutrition

PTH = parathyroid hormone

R = recommendation

RDI = respiratory disturbance index

RYGB = Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

SOS = Swedish Obese Subjects

T1DM = type 1 diabetes mellitus

T2DM = type 2 diabetes mellitus

TOS = The Obesity Society

UGI = upper gastrointestinal

VBG = vertical banded gastroplasty

Ancillary