SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Summerbell CD, Ashton V, Campbell KJ et al. Interventions for treating obesity in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003: CD001872.
  • 2
    NICE. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) Guidance. Obesity: the Prevention, Identification, Assessment and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults and Children. <http:guidance.nice.org.ukCG43guidancesection1wordEnglish> (2006).
  • 3
    Spear BA, Barlow SE, Ervin C et al. Recommendations for treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity. Pediatrics 2007; 120 (Suppl 4): S254S288.
  • 4
    Luttikhuis H Oude, Baur L, Jansen H et al. Interventions for treating obesity in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009: CD001872.
  • 5
    Epstein LH, Myers MD, Raynor HA, Saelens BE. Treatment of pediatric obesity. Pediatrics 1998; 101: 554570.
  • 6
    Whitlock EP, O'Connor EA, Williams SB, Beil TL, Lutz KW. Effectiveness of Weight Management Programs in Children and Adolescents. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 170 (Prepared by the Oregon Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-02-0024). AHRQ Publication No. 08-E014. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. September 2008.
  • 7
    Cole TJ, Freeman JV, Preece MA. Body mass index reference curves for the UK, 1990. Arch Dis Child 1995; 73: 2529.
  • 8
    Fisher JD, Fisher WA. The information-motivation-behavioral skills model. In: DiClemente R, Crosby R, Kegler M (eds.). Emerging Theories in Health Promotion Practice and Research. Jossey Bass Publishers: San Francisco, CA, 2002, pp 4070.
  • 9
    Christensen P. The health-promoting family: a conceptual framework for future research. Soc Sci Med 2004; 59: 377387.
  • 10
    Sacher PM, Chadwick P, Wells JC et al. Assessing the acceptability and feasibility of the MEND Programme in a small group of obese 7-11-year-old children. J Hum Nutr Diet 2005; 18: 35.
  • 11
    Sothern MS. Exercise as a modality in the treatment of childhood obesity. Pediatr Clin North Am 2001; 48: 9951015.
  • 12
    Lohman TG, Roche AF, Martorell R. Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual. Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, 1988, pp 5580.
  • 13
    Wells JC, Fuller NJ, Dewit O et al. Four-component model of body composition in children: density and hydration of fat-free mass and comparison with simpler models. Am J Clin Nutr 1999; 69: 904912.
  • 14
    Francis K, Feinstein R. A simple height-specific and rate-specific step test for children. South Med J 1991; 84: 169174.
  • 15
    Sánchez-Bayle M, Muñoz-Fernández MT, González-Requejo A. A longitudinal study of blood pressure in Spanish schoolchildren. Working Group of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Childhood and Adolescence. Arch Dis Child 1999; 81: 169171.
  • 16
    Slemenda CW, Miller JZ, Hui SL, Reister TK, Johnston CC Jr. Role of physical activity in the development of skeletal mass in children. J Bone Miner Res 1991; 6: 12271233.
  • 17
    Harter S. Manual of the Self-Perception Profile for Children. University of Denver: Denver, 1985.
  • 18
    A Publication of the Government Statistical Service OoPCaS. Standard Occupational Classification. HMSO: London, 1993.
  • 19
    McCarthy HD, Jarrett KV, Emmett PM, Rogers I. Trends in waist circumferences in young British children: a comparative study. Int J Obes (Lond) 2005; 29: 157162.
  • 20
    Hughes AR, Stewart L, Chapple J et al. Randomized, controlled trial of a best-practice individualized behavioral program for treatment of childhood overweight: Scottish Childhood Overweight Treatment Trial (SCOTT). Pediatrics 2008; 121: e539e546.
  • 21
    Shelton D, Le Gros K, Norton L et al. Randomised controlled trial: A parent-based group education programme for overweight children. J Paediatr Child Health 2007; 43: 799805.
  • 22
    Srinivasan S, Ambler GR, Baur LA et al. Randomized, controlled trial of metformin for obesity and insulin resistance in children and adolescents: improvement in body composition and fasting insulin. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006; 91: 20742080.
  • 23
    Klein DJ, Cottingham EM, Sorter M, Barton BA, Morrison JA. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of metformin treatment of weight gain associated with initiation of atypical antipsychotic therapy in children and adolescents. Am J Psychiatry 2006; 163: 20722079.
  • 24
    Chanoine JP, Hampl S, Jensen C, Boldrin M, Hauptman J. Effect of orlistat on weight and body composition in obese adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2005; 293: 28732883.
  • 25
    Koster A, Leitzmann MF, Schatzkin A et al. Waist circumference and mortality. Am J Epidemiol 2008; 167: 14651475.
  • 26
    Han TS, Richmond P, Avenell A, Lean ME. Waist circumference reduction and cardiovascular benefits during weight loss in women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1997; 21: 127134.
  • 27
    de Koning L Merchant AT, Pogue J, Anand SS. Waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio as predictors of cardiovascular events: meta-regression analysis of prospective studies. Eur Heart J 2007; 28: 850856.
  • 28
    Janssen I, Katzmarzyk PT, Srinivasan SR et al. Combined influence of body mass index and waist circumference on coronary artery disease risk factors among children and adolescents. Pediatrics 2005; 115: 16231630.
  • 29
    McCarthy HD. Body fat measurements in children as predictors for the metabolic syndrome: focus on waist circumference. Proc Nutr Soc 2006; 65: 385392.
  • 30
    McCallum Z, Wake M, Gerner B et al. Outcome data from the LEAP (Live, Eat and Play) trial: a randomized controlled trial of a primary care intervention for childhood overweight/mild obesity. Int J Obes (Lond) 2007; 31: 630636.
  • 31
    Nemet D, Barkan S, Epstein Y et al. Short- and long-term beneficial effects of a combined dietary-behavioral-physical activity intervention for the treatment of childhood obesity. Pediatrics 2005; 115: e443e449.
  • 32
    Reinehr T, de Sousa G Toschke AM, Andler W. Long-term follow-up of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children after an obesity intervention. Am J Clin Nutr 2006; 84: 490496.
  • 33
    Kalavainen MP, Korppi MO, Nuutinen OM. Clinical efficacy of group-based treatment for childhood obesity compared with routinely given individual counseling. Int J Obes (Lond) 2007; 31: 15001508.
  • 34
    Savoye M, Shaw M, Dziura J et al. Effects of a weight management program on body composition and metabolic parameters in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2007; 297: 26972704.
  • 35
    Nader PR, O'Brien M, Houts R et al.; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Early Child Care Research Network. Identifying risk for obesity in early childhood. Pediatrics 2006; 118: e594e601.
  • 36
    Hunt LP, Ford A, Sabin MA, Crowne EC, Shield JP. Clinical measures of adiposity and percentage fat loss: which measure most accurately reflects fat loss and what should we aim for? Arch Dis Child 2007; 92: 399403.
  • 37
    Brambilla P, Bedogni G, Moreno LA et al. Crossvalidation of anthropometry against magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue in children. Int J Obes (Lond) 2006; 30: 2330.
  • 38
    Savva SC, Tornaritis M, Savva ME et al. Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio are better predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children than body mass index. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2000; 24: 14531458.
  • 39
    Meyer AA, Kundt G, Lenschow U, Schuff-Werner P, Kienast W. Improvement of early vascular changes and cardiovascular risk factors in obese children after a six-month exercise program. J Am Coll Cardiol 2006; 48: 18651870.
  • 40
    O'Dea JA. Prevention of child obesity: “first, do no harm”. Health Educ Res 2005; 20: 259265.
  • 41
    Lowry KW, Sallinen BJ, Janicke DM. The effects of weight management programs on self-esteem in pediatric overweight populations. J Pediatr Psychol 2007; 32: 11791195.
  • 42
    Denzer C, Reithofer E, Wabitsch M, Widhalm K. The outcome of childhood obesity management depends highly upon patient compliance. Eur J Pediatr 2004; 163: 99104.
  • 43
    Golley RK, Magarey AM, Baur LA, Steinbeck KS, Daniels LA. Twelve-month effectiveness of a parent-led, family-focused weight-management program for prepubertal children: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics 2007; 119: 517525.