SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Chu SY, Bachman DJ, Callaghan WM et al. Association between obesity during pregnancy and increased use of health care. N Engl J Med 2008; 358: 14441453.
  • 2
    Colditz GA, Willett WC, Rotnitzky A, Manson JE. Weight gain as a risk factor for clinical diabetes mellitus in women. Ann Intern Med 1995; 122: 481486.
  • 3
    Berg AH, Scherer PE. Adipose tissue, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease. Circ Res 2005; 96: 939949.
  • 4
    Calle EE, Kaaks R. Overweight, obesity and cancer: epidemiological evidence and proposed mechanisms. Nat Rev Cancer 2004; 4: 579591.
  • 5
    Viswanathan M, Siega-Riz AM, Moos MK et al. Outcomes of maternal weight gain, evidence report/technology assessment No. 168. (Prepared by RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-02-0016.) AHRQ Publication No. 08-E009. Rockville MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, May 2008.
  • 6
    Institute of Medicine. Nutrition During Pregnancy. Part I, Weight Gain. National Academy Press: Washington, DC, 1990.
  • 7
    Amorim AR, Rössner S, Neovius M, Lourenço PM, Linné Y. Does excess pregnancy weight gain constitute a major risk for increasing long-term BMI? Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007; 15: 12781286.
  • 8
    Walker LO. Predictors of weight gain at 6 and 18 months after childbirth: a pilot study. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 1996; 25: 3948.
  • 9
    Rooney BL, Schauberger CW. Excess pregnancy weight gain and long-term obesity: one decade later. Obstet Gynecol 2002; 100: 245252.
  • 10
    Olson CM, Strawderman MS, Hinton PS, Pearson TA. Gestational weight gain and postpartum behaviors associated with weight change from early pregnancy to 1 y postpartum. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003; 27: 117127.
  • 11
    Scholl TO, Hediger ML, Schall JI, Ances IG, Smith WK. Gestational weight gain, pregnancy outcome, and postpartum weight retention. Obstet Gynecol 1995; 86: 423427.
  • 12
    Rooney BL, Schauberger CW, Mathiason MA. Impact of perinatal weight change on long-term obesity and obesity-related illnesses. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 106: 13491356.
  • 13
    Herring SJ, Rich-Edwards JW, Oken E et al. Association of postpartum depression with weight retention 1 year after childbirth. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2008; 16: 12961301.
  • 14
    Gunderson EP, Rifas-Shiman SL, Oken E et al. Association of fewer hours of sleep at 6 months postpartum with substantial weight retention at 1 year postpartum. Am J Epidemiol 2008; 167: 178187.
  • 15
    Oken E, Taveras EM, Popoola FA, Rich-Edwards JW, Gillman MW. Television, walking, and diet: associations with postpartum weight retention. Am J Prev Med 2007; 32: 305311.
  • 16
    Soltani H, Fraser RB. A longitudinal study of maternal anthropometric changes in normal weight, overweight and obese women during pregnancy and postpartum. Br J Nutr 2000; 84: 95101.
  • 17
    Keppel KG, Taffel SM. Pregnancy-related weight gain and retention: implications of the 1990 Institute of Medicine guidelines. Am J Public Health 1993; 83: 11001103.
  • 18
    Siega-Riz AM, Adair LS, Hobel CJ. Institute of Medicine maternal weight gain recommendations and pregnancy outcome in a predominantly Hispanic population. Obstet Gynecol 1994; 84: 565573.
  • 19
    Linné Y, Dye L, Barkeling B, Rössner S. Long-term weight development in women: a 15-year follow-up of the effects of pregnancy. Obes Res 2004; 12: 11661178.
  • 20
    Gunderson EP, Abrams B. Epidemiology of gestational weight gain and body weight changes after pregnancy. Epidemiol Rev 2000; 22: 261274.
  • 21
    U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements. Poverty and Health Statistics Branch/HHES Division. <http:www.census.govhheswwwpovertyhistpovhstpov1.html>. Accessed June 2008.
  • 22
    Deierlein AL, Siega-Riz AM, Herring A. Dietary energy density but not glycemic load is associated with gestational weight gain. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 88: 693699.
  • 23
    Siega-Riz AM, Bodnar LM, Savitz DA. What are pregnant women eating? Foods contributing most to nutrient intake from a North Carolina sample. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002; 186: 480486.
  • 24
    Dietsys+Plus Analysis Software, Version 5.6. Block Dietary Data Systems: Berkeley, CA, 1999.
  • 25
    Borodulin KM, Evenson KR, Wen F, Herring AH, Benson AM. Physical activity patterns during pregnancy. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008; 40: 19011908.
  • 26
    Borg G, Linderholm H. Perceived exertion and pulse rate during graded exercise in various age groups. Acta Med Scand 1974; 472: 194206.
  • 27
    Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Whitt MC et al. Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32: S498S504.
  • 28
    Garner DM, Olmsted MP, Bohr Y, Garfinkel PE. The eating attitudes test: psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychol Med 1982; 12: 871878.
  • 29
    Cox JL, Holden JM, Sagovsky R. Detection of postnatal depression. Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Br J Psychiatry 1987; 150: 782786.
  • 30
    Cox JL, Holden J. Perinatal Mental Health: A Guide to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Gaskell: London, 2003.
  • 31
    Gavin NI, Gaynes BN, Lohr KN et al. Perinatal depression: a systematic review of prevalence and incidence. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 106: 10711083.
  • 32
    Lunn DJ, Thomas A, Best N, Spiegelhalter D. WinBUGS—a Bayesian modelling framework: concepts, structure, and extensibility. Stat Comput 2000; 10: 325337.
  • 33
    Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E. Easy SAS calculations for risk or prevalence ratios and differences. Am J Epidemiol 2005; 162: 199200.
  • 34
    Kac G, Benicio MH, Velásquez-Meléndez G, Valente JG. Nine months postpartum weight retention predictors for Brazilian women. Public Health Nutr 2004; 7: 621628.
  • 35
    Gangwisch JE, Malaspina D, Boden-Albala B, Heymsfield SB. Inadequate sleep as a risk factor for obesity: analyses of the NHANES I. Sleep 2005; 28: 12891296.
  • 36
    Janney CA, Zhang D, Sowers M. Lactation and weight retention. Am J Clin Nutr 1997; 66: 11161124.
  • 37
    Nohr EA, Vaeth M, Baker JL et al. Combined associations of prepregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain with the outcome of pregnancy. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 87: 17501759.
  • 38
    Boardley DJ, Sargent RG, Coker AL, Hussey JR, Sharpe PA. The relationship between diet, activity, and other factors, and postpartum weight change by race. Obstet Gynecol 1995; 86: 834838.
  • 39
    Parker JD, Abrams B. Differences in postpartum weight retention between black and white mothers. Obstet Gynecol 1993; 81: 768774.
  • 40
    Kahn HS, Williamson DF. Is race associated with weight change in US adults after adjustment for income, education, and marital factors? Am J Clin Nutr 1991; 53: 1566S1570S.
  • 41
    Dugdale AE, Eaton-Evans J. The effect of lactation and other factors on post-partum changes in body-weight and triceps skinfold thickness. Br J Nutr 1989; 61: 149153.
  • 42
    Schauberger CW, Rooney BL, Brimer LM. Factors that influence weight loss in the puerperium. Obstet Gynecol 1992; 79: 424429.
  • 43
    Wolfe WS, Sobal J, Olson CM, Frongillo EA Jr. Parity-associated body weight: modification by sociodemographic and behavioral factors. Obes Res 1997; 5: 131141.
  • 44
    Shrewsbury VA, Robb KA, Power C, Wardle J. Socioeconomic differences in weight retention, weight-related attitudes and practices in postpartum women. Matern Child Health J 2009; 13: 231240.
  • 45
    Amorim AR, Linne YM, Lourenco PM. Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women after childbirth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007; 18: CD005627.
  • 46
    Claesson IM, Josefsson A, Cedergren M et al. Consumer satisfaction with a weight-gain intervention programme for obese pregnant women. Midwifery 2008; 24: 163167.
  • 47
    Wolff S, Legarth J, Vangsgaard K, Toubro S, Astrup A. A randomized trial of the effects of dietary counseling on gestational weight gain and glucose metabolism in obese pregnant women. Int J Obes 2008; 32: 495501.