• 1
    Gortmaker SL, Swinburn BA, Levy D et al. Changing the future of obesity: science, policy, and action. Lancet 2011;378: 838847.
  • 2
    Berthoud HR, Morrison C. The brain, appetite, and obesity. Annu Rev Psychol 2008;59: 5592.
  • 3
    Volkow ND, Wang GJ, Baler RD. Reward, dopamine and the control of food intake: implications for obesity. Trends Cogn Sci (Regul Ed) 2011;15: 3746.
  • 4
    Zheng H, Lenard NR, Shin AC, Berthoud HR. Appetite control and energy balance regulation in the modern world: reward-driven brain overrides repletion signals. Int J Obes (Lond) 2009;33(Suppl 2): S8S13.
  • 5
    Ernst M, Fudge JL. A developmental neurobiological model of motivated behavior: anatomy, connectivity and ontogeny of the triadic nodes. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2009;33: 367382.
  • 6
    Sturman DA, Moghaddam B. The neurobiology of adolescence: changes in brain architecture, functional dynamics, and behavioral tendencies. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2011;35: 17041712.
  • 7
    Stice E, Yokum S, Burger KS, Epstein LH, Small DM. Youth at risk for obesity show greater activation of striatal and somatosensory regions to food. J Neurosci 2011;31: 43604366.
  • 8
    Maayan L, Hoogendoorn C, Sweat V, Convit A. Disinhibited eating in obese adolescents is associated with orbitofrontal volume reductions and executive dysfunction. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2011;19: 13821387.
  • 9
    Acosta MC, Manubay J, Levin FR. Pediatric obesity: parallels with addiction and treatment recommendations. Harv Rev Psychiatry 2008;16: 8096.
  • 10
    Batterink L, Yokum S, Stice E. Body mass correlates inversely with inhibitory control in response to food among adolescent girls: an fMRI study. Neuroimage 2010;52: 16961703.
  • 11
    Nederkoorn C, Braet C, van Eijs Y, Tanghe A, Jansen A. Why obese children cannot resist food: the role of impulsivity. Eat Behav 2006;7: 315322.
  • 12
    Pauli-Pott U, Albayrak O, Hebebrand J, Pott W. Association between inhibitory control capacity and body weight in overweight and obese children and adolescents: dependence on age and inhibitory control component. Child Neuropsychol 2010;16: 592603.
  • 13
    Bunge SA, Wright SB. Neurodevelopmental changes in working memory and cognitive control. Curr Opin Neurobiol 2007;17: 243250.
  • 14
    Volkow ND, Wang GJ, Fowler JS, Telang F. Overlapping neuronal circuits in addiction and obesity: evidence of systems pathology. Philos Trans R Soc Lond, B, Biol Sci 2008;363: 31913200.
  • 15
    Dalley JW, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW. Impulsivity, compulsivity, and top-down cognitive control. Neuron 2011;69: 680694.
  • 16
    Cserjési R, Molnár D, Luminet O, Lénárd L. Is there any relationship between obesity and mental flexibility in children Appetite 2007;49: 675678.
  • 17
    Verdejo-García A, Pérez-Expósito M, Schmidt-Río-Valle J et al. Selective alterations within executive functions in adolescents with excess weight. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2010;18: 15721578.
  • 18
    Meda SA, Stevens MC, Potenza MN et al. Investigating the behavioral and self-report constructs of impulsivity domains using principal component analysis. Behav Pharmacol 2009;20: 390399.
  • 19
    Verdejo-García A, Lozano O, Moya M, Alcázar MA, Pérez-García M. Psychometric properties of a Spanish version of the UPPS-P impulsive behavior scale: reliability, validity and association with trait and cognitive impulsivity. J Pers Assess 2010;92: 7077.
  • 20
    Davis C, Strachan S, Berkson M. Sensitivity to reward: implications for overeating and overweight. Appetite 2004;42: 131138.
  • 21
    Mobbs O, Crépin C, Thiéry C, Golay A, van der Linden M. Obesity and the four facets of impulsivity. Patient Educ Couns 2010;79: 372377.
  • 22
    Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 2000;320: 12401243.
  • 23
    Sobradillo B, Aguirre A, Aresti U et al. Curvas y tablas de crecimiento (Estudios Longitudinal y Transversal). Fundación Faustino Orbegozo Eizaguirre: Bilbao, 2004.
  • 24
    Aguirre G. Inventario Clínico para Adolescentes de Millon. TEA: Madrid, 2004, pp 115118.
  • 25
    Garner DM. EDI-2. Inventario de Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria. TEA: Madrid, 1998.
  • 26
    Torrubia R, Avila C, Molto J, Caseras X. The sensitivity to punishment and sensitivity to reward questionnaire (SPSRQ) as a measure of Gray's anxiety and impulsivity dimensions. PAID 2001;31: 837862.
  • 27
    Whiteside, SP Lynam DR. The five factor model and impulsivity: using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. PAID 2001;30: 669689.
  • 28
    Cyders MA, Smith GT, Spillane NS et al. Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychol Assess 2007;19: 107118.
  • 29
    Smith GT, Fischer S, Cyders MA et al. On the validity and utility of discriminating among impulsivity-like traits. Assessment 2007;14: 155170.
  • 30
    Delis DC, Kaplan E, Kramer JH. Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System: D-KEFS. PsychCorp: San Antonio, 2001.
  • 31
    Milberg WP, Hebben NA, Kaplan E. The Boston process approach to neuropsychological assessment. In Neuropsychological Assessment of Neuropsychiatric and Neuromedical Disorders, 3 edn. Oxford University Press: New York, 2009.
  • 32
    Schmidt RE, Gay P, Ghisletta P, van der Linden M. Linking impulsivity to dysfunctional thought control and insomnia: a structural equation model. J Sleep Res 2010;19: 311.
  • 33
    Dawe S, Loxton NJ. The role of impulsivity in the development of substance use and eating disorders. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2004;28: 343351.
  • 34
    Harrison A, Treasure J, Smillie LD. Approach and avoidance motivation in eating disorders. Psychiatry Res 2011;188: 396401.
  • 35
    Tchanturia K, Brecelj M, Sanchez P, Morris R, Rabe-Hesketh S, Treasure J. An examination of cognitive flexibility in eating disorders. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2004;10: 513520.
  • 36
    Tchanturia K, Harrison A, Davies H et al. Cognitive flexibility and clinical severity in eating disorders. PLoS ONE 2011;6: e20462.
  • 37
    Holliday J, Tchanturia K, Landau S, Collier D, Treasure J. Is impaired set-shifting an endophenotype of anorexia nervosa Am J Psychiatry 2005;162: 22692275.
  • 38
    Tenconi E, Santonastaso P, Degortes D et al. Set-shifting abilities, central coherence, and handedness in anorexia nervosa patients, their unaffected siblings and healthy controls: exploring putative endophenotypes. World J Biol Psychiatry 2010;11: 813823.
  • 39
    Hair JF, Anderson RE, Tatham RL, Black WC. Multivariate Data Analysis: With Readings. Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, 1995.