Impaired IL-1β-induced neutrophil accumulation in tachykinin NK1 receptor knockout mice


5Centre for Clinical Pharmacology, The Cruciform Project, UCL, The Rayne Institute, London WC1E 6JJ


Tachykinin NK1 receptors play an important role in the development of neurogenic inflammatory responses. We have used the murine air-pouch model to investigate whether the neurogenic component of the cellular inflammatory response to interleukin-1β (IL-1β, 10 ng into the air-pouch) is altered in NK1 receptor knockout mice compared to wild type controls. Air-pouches were washed following a 4 h IL-1β treatment, the wash collected and neutrophil number estimated using a Neubauer haemocytometer. The response to IL-1β was significantly attenuated in NK1 receptor +/− (40% reduction) and −/− mice (62% reduction) compared to wild type controls (+/+), whilst the response to cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC, 0.3 μg) was unaffected. The response to substance P (7.5 nmol) was attenuated by approximately 50% in both NK1 receptor +/− and −/− mice compared to wild type controls. In conclusion NK1 receptors play a significant role in the cellular response to IL-1β in a model of inflammation.

British Journal of Pharmacology (1998) 124, 1013–1015; doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0701978