• β-adrenoceptors;
  • B2 receptors;
  • CB1 receptors;
  • mouse;
  • noradrenaline release;
  • opioid receptors;
  • ORL1 receptors;
  • presynaptic receptors
  • Release-modulating opioid and cannabinoid (CB) receptors, β-adrenoceptors and bradykinin receptors at noradrenergic axons were studied in mouse tissues (occipito-parietal cortex, heart atria, vas deferens and spleen) preincubated with 3H-noradrenaline.

  • Experiments using the OP1 receptor-selective agonists DPDPE and DSLET, the OP2-selective agonists U50488H and U69593, the OP3-selective agonist DAMGO, the ORL1 receptor-selective agonist nociceptin, and a number of selective antagonists showed that the noradrenergic axons innervating the occipito-parietal cortex possess release-inhibiting OP3 and ORL1 receptors, those innervating atria OP1, ORL1 and possibly OP3 receptors, and those innervating the vas deferens all four opioid receptor types.

  • Experiments using the non-selective CB agonists WIN 55,212-2 and CP 55,940 and the CB1-selective antagonist SR 141716A indicated that the noradrenergic axons of the vas deferens possess release-inhibiting CB1 receptors. Presynaptic CB receptors were not found in the occipito-parietal cortex, in atria or in the spleen.

  • Experiments using the non-selective β-adrenoceptor agonist isoprenaline and the β2-selective agonist salbutamol, as well as subtype-selective antagonists, demonstrated the occurrence of release-enhancing β2-adrenoceptors at the sympathetic axons of atria and the spleen, but demonstrated their absence in the occipito-parietal cortex and the vas deferens.

  • Experiments with bradykinin and the B2-selective antagonist Hoe 140 showed the operation of release-enhancing B2 receptors at the sympathetic axons of atria, the vas deferens and the spleen, but showed their absence in the occipito-parietal cortex.

  • The experiments document a number of new presynaptic receptor locations. They confirm and extend the existence of marked tissue and species differences in presynaptic receptors at noradrenergic neurons.

British Journal of Pharmacology (2000) 130, 321–330; doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0703305