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Keywords:

  • AcF-[OPdChaWR];
  • C5a;
  • C5a receptor antagonist;
  • dermal Arthus reaction;
  • PMN;
  • TNFα
  • Initiation of a peritoneal Arthus reaction by deposition of immune-complexes results in vascular leakage, polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration, and tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) production. We now demonstrate in rats that oral administration of the C5a receptor antagonist AcPhe[Orn-Pro-D-Cyclohexylalanine-Trp-Arg] (AcF-[OPdChaWR]; 1 – 10 mg kg−1 30 min prior to immune-complex deposition) inhibits these inflammatory markers in the peritoneal Arthus reaction.

  • Initiation of a dermal Arthus reaction resulted in a significant increase in vascular leakage, PMN infiltration, systemic production of TNFα and pathological changes in the dermis.

  • Pretreatment of rats with AcF-[OPdChaWR] either intravenously (1 mg kg−1 10 min prior to immune-complex deposition) or orally (1 – 10 mg kg−1 30 min prior to immune-complex deposition) significantly inhibited immune-complex mediated dermal vascular leakage and systemic cytokine production. Topical pretreatment with AcF-[OPdChaWR] (400 μg site−1 in 10% dimethyl sulphoxide 10 min prior to immune-complex deposition) also inhibited vascular leakage, as well as histopathological changes associated with a dermal Arthus reaction.

  • Oral administration of 3 mg kg−1 AcF-[OPdChaWR] resulted in the appearance of the drug in plasma within 5 min, with peak blood levels ∼0.3 μM reached within 20 min. The plasma elimination half-life was ∼70 min. The oral activity and bioavailability of AcF-[OPdChaWR], its activity when applied topically to the skin, suggest that small molecule C5a receptor antagonists may have therapeutic utility in dermal inflammatory disorders involving complement activation.

  • This is the first demonstration for either an orally or topically active C5a receptor antagonist, and suggests that small molecule C5a antagonists may have therapeutic utility when given by multiple routes of application.

British Journal of Pharmacology (2001) 134, 1778–1786; doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0704417