• Pig;
  • proximal stomach;
  • fundus;
  • 5-HT2A receptors;
  • ketanserin
  • The aim of this study was to characterize the 5-HT receptors involved in the 5-HT-induced contraction of longitudinal muscle (LM) strips of porcine proximal stomach. This was done in a classical organ bath set-up for isotonic measurement.

  • The concentration-contraction curve to 5-HT was not modified by 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptor antagonism. Methysergide, ketanserin and mesulergine antagonized the curve to 5-HT. Concomitantly, increasing concentrations of ketanserin and mesulergine progressively revealed a biphasic nature of the 5-HT curve. Ketanserin antagonized the low-affinity receptor while it did not modify the high-affinity receptor.

  • Tetrodotoxin did not influence the concentration-contraction curve to 5-HT neither in the absence nor presence of ketanserin, indicating that nerves are not involved.

  • Ketanserin competitively antagonized the monophasic concentration-response curve to α-Methyl-5-HT, yielding a Schild slope that was not significantly different from unity. After constraining the Schild slope to unity, a pKB estimate of 8.23±0.90 was obtained. This affinity estimate of ketanserin closely approximates previously reported affinities at 5-HT2A receptors.

  • In the presence of ketanserin (0.1 μM; exposing the high-affinity receptor), a wide range of 5-HT receptor antagonists covering all 5-HT receptors known, was tested. Only methysergide and ritanserin inhibited the response to 5-HT, thus expressing affinity for the high-affinity receptor. This did not reveal the identity of the receptor involved.

  • It can be concluded that 5-HT induces pig proximal stomach (LM) contraction via 5-HT2A receptors located on smooth muscle. A ketanserin-insensitive phase of contractions could not be characterized between the actually known classes of 5-HT receptors with the pharmacological tools that were used.

British Journal of Pharmacology (2002) 137, 1217–1224. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0704992