Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is a naturally occurring gas, with potent vasodilator activity. In this report, we identify a role for H2S in carrageenan-induced hindpaw oedema in the rat. Intraplantar injection of carrageenan (150 μl, 2% (w v−1)) resulted in an increase in hindpaw H2S synthesising enzyme activity and increased myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Pretreatment (i.p. 60 min before carrageenan) with DL-propargylglycine (PAG, 25–75 mg kg−1), an inhibitor of the H2S synthesising enzyme cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), significantly reduced carrageenan-induced hindpaw oedema in a dose-dependent manner (e.g. increase in hindpaw weight at 3 h, saline: 0.12±0.017 g; carrageenan, 1.39±0.037 g; PAG, 50 mg kg−1, 1.11±0.06 g, n=10) and MPO activity (fold increase) in the hindpaw (saline: 1.0±0.12; carrageenan, 2.92±0.45 g; PAG, 50 mg kg−1, 1.1±0.22, n=10); PAG (50 mg kg−1) also inhibited H2S synthesising enzyme activity (nmol μg DNA−1) in the hindpaw in a dose-dependent manner (saline, 0.46±0.05; carrageenan, 0.71±0.08 g; PAG, 50 mg kg−1, 0.17±0.05, n=10).
British Journal of Pharmacology (2005) 145, 141–144. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0706186