Muscarinic receptor-activated cationic channels in murine ileal myocytes
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2009
2006 British Pharmacological Society
British Journal of Pharmacology
Volume 149, Issue 2, pages 179–187, September 2006
How to Cite
Dresviannikov, A. V., Bolton, T. B. and Zholos, A. V. (2006), Muscarinic receptor-activated cationic channels in murine ileal myocytes. British Journal of Pharmacology, 149: 179–187. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0706852
- Issue published online: 29 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2009
- (Received April 24, 2006, Revised June 15, 2006, Accepted July 1, 2006)
- cation channel;
- muscarinic receptor;
- ileal smooth muscle;
- mouse small intestine
Background and purpose:
There is little information about the excitatory cholinergic mechanisms of mouse small intestine although this model is important for gene knock-out studies.
Using patch-clamp techniques, voltage-dependent and pharmacological properties of carbachol- or intracellular GTPγS-activated cationic channels in mouse ileal myocytes were investigated.
Three types of cation channels were identified in outside-out patches (17, 70 and 140 pS). The voltage-dependent behaviour of the 70 pS channel, which was also the most abundantly expressed channel (∼0.35 μ−2) was most consistent with the properties of the whole-cell muscarinic current (half-maximal activation at −72.3±9.3 mV, slope of −9.1±7.4 mV and mean open probability of 0.16±0.01 at −40 mV; at near maximal activation by 50 μM carbachol). Both channel conductance and open probability depended on the permeant cation in the order: Cs+ (70 pS) >Rb+ (66pS) >Na+ (47 pS) >Li+ (30 pS). External application of divalent cations, quinine, SK&F 96365 or La3+ strongly inhibited the whole-cell current. At the single channel level the nature of the inhibitory effects appeared to be very different. Either reduction of the open probability (quinine and to some extent SK&F 96365 and La3+) or of unitary current amplitude (Ca2+, Mg2+, SK&F 96365, La3+) was observed implying significant differences in the dissociation rates of the blockers.
Conclusions and implications:
The muscarinic cation current of murine small intestine is very similar to that in guinea-pig myocytes and murine genetic manipulation should yield important information about muscarinic receptor transduction mechanisms.
British Journal of Pharmacology (2006) 149, 179–187. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0706852